athens vs sparta movie

Athens sent out a sizable contingent (4,000 hoplites), but upon its arrival, this force was dismissed by the Spartans, while those of all the other allies were permitted to remain. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. /Type /XObject Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Athens and Sparta have their own information sheet where you will find the answers and the other sheet is the questions. But Xerxes still reigns supreme in numbers over sea and land. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B.C. [35], The overall effect of the war in Greece proper was to replace the Athenian Empire with a Spartan empire. [11] � Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. After boasting that he could put an end to the affair in the Assembly, the inexperienced Cleon won a great victory at the Battle of Sphacteria. With the support of the Athenians, the Argives succeeded in forging a coalition of democratic states within the Peloponnese, including the powerful states of Mantinea and Elis. Athens was "to have the same friends and enemies" as Sparta. Class, Faction and Policy 403–386 B.C., New York 2014, p. 80. Thasos was an island in northern Aegean and a member of the Delian League which had disagreements with Athens about control of precious metal mines and trade on the mainland. Upon arriving, he raised up a force from several Sicilian cities, and went to the relief of Syracuse. For a time during this conflict, Athens controlled not only Megara but also Boeotia; at its end, however, in the face of a massive Spartan invasion of Attica, the Athenians ceded the lands they had won on the Greek mainland, and Athens and Sparta recognized each other's right to control their respective alliance systems. The Athenian army, attempting to withdraw overland to other, more friendly Sicilian cities, was divided and defeated; the entire Athenian fleet was destroyed, and virtually the entire Athenian army was sold off into slavery. The longest Spartan invasion, in 430 BC, lasted just forty days. After arriving in Sicily, Alcibiades was recalled to Athens for trial. Athens Vs. Sparta By: Suhansh Bijlani Among ancient Greece cities, two significant cities were Athens and Sparta, Sparta had the brawls, and Athens had the brains. The Athenians managed to survive for several reasons. 8 . [37], "Athenian War" redirects here. Alarmed, Corcyra sought an alliance with Athens, which after debate and input from both Corcyra and Corinth, decided to swear a defensive alliance with Corcyra. Sparta and Athens represent opposite poles of the social and political development of the Greek city-state. These two city-states had few similarities but were contrasted in many, many ways. After suffering a defeat at the hands of their colony of Corcyra, a sea power that was not allied to either Sparta or Athens, Corinth began to build an allied naval force. Facing starvation and disease from the prolonged siege, Athens surrendered in 404 BC,[2] and its allies soon surrendered as well. In the final stages of the preparations for departure, the hermai (religious statues) of Athens were mutilated by unknown persons, and Alcibiades was charged with religious crimes. However, the Athenian warships participated in the battle nevertheless, and the arrival of additional Athenian triremes was enough to dissuade the Corinthians from exploiting their victory, thus sparing much of the routed Corcyrean and Athenian fleet.[17]. The democratic alliance was broken up, and most of its members were reincorporated into the Peloponnesian League. Demosthenes was chosen and led another fleet to Sicily, joining his forces with those of Nicias. With the treasury and emergency reserve fund of 1,000 talents dwindling away, the Athenians were forced to demand even more tribute from her subject allies, further increasing tensions and the threat of further rebellion within the Empire. Reason One For Choosing AthensOne reason why athens was better than Sparta was because it wasnt as brutal. The helots made the Spartan system possible, but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot runaways. Thucydides was dispatched with a force which arrived too late to stop Brasidas capturing Amphipolis; Thucydides was exiled for this, and, as a result, had the conversations with both sides of the war which inspired him to record its history. /Creator (�� w k h t m l t o p d f 0 . Demosthenes argued for a retreat to Athens, but Nicias at first refused. [4][5] The war also wrought subtler changes to Greek society; the conflict between democratic Athens and oligarchic Sparta, each of which supported friendly political factions within other states, made war a common occurrence in the Greek world. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization. Thucydides reports that the Corinthians condemned Sparta's inactivity up to that point, warning the Spartans that if they continued to remain passive while the Athenians were energetically active, they would soon find themselves outflanked and without allies. In this activity, students must fill in a venn diagram to compare the traits of Athens and Sparta. He sent his son Cyrus the Younger into Asia Minor as satrap of Lydia, Phrygia Major and Cappadocia, and general commander (Karanos, κἀρανος) of the Persian troops. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. Upon landing in Sicily, several cities immediately joined the Athenian cause. The Spartan fleet under Callicratidas lost 70 ships and the Athenians lost 25 ships. The Athenian Empire, although based in the peninsula of Attica, spread out across the islands of the Aegean Sea; Athens drew its immense wealth from tribute paid from these islands. Athens vs. Sparta...Athens Vs. Sparta Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires. �Z�+��rI��4���n�������=�S�j�Zg�@R ��QΆL��ۦ�������S�����K���3qK����C�3��g/���'���k��>�I�E��+�{����)��Fs���/Ė- �=��I���7I �{g�خ��(�9`�������S���I��#�ǖGPRO��+���{��\_��wW��4W�Z�=���#ן�-���? /Producer (�� Q t 4 . For a short period of time, Athens was ruled by the "Thirty Tyrants", and democracy was suspended. Between 410 and 406, Athens won a continuous string of victories, and eventually recovered large portions of its empire. "He then assigned to Lysander all the tribute which came in from his cities and belonged to him personally, and gave him also the balance he had on hand; and, after reminding Lysander how good a friend he was both to the Lacedaemonian state and to him personally, he set out on the journey to his father." >> The first section of “Athens-Sparta” begins with objects from both cities during the Geometric Period (1050-700 B.C. The Athenian force consisted of over 100 ships and some 5,000 infantry and light-armored troops. In 403 BC, the oligarchs were overthrown and a democracy was restored by Thrasybulus. << When Cyrus was recalled to Susa by his dying father Darius, he gave Lysander the revenues from all of his cities of Asia Minor. In Sparta people worship their bodies. The Peloponnesian War was soon followed by the Corinthian War (394–386 BC), which, although it ended inconclusively, helped Athens regain some of its former greatness. These ships were then released, and served as the core of the Athenians' fleet throughout the rest of the war. I chose Sparta because they where a Society were all men were treated the same. The Athenians captured 300 Spartan hoplites. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. Led militarily by a clever new general Demosthenes (not to be confused with the later Athenian orator Demosthenes), the Athenians managed some successes as they continued their naval raids on the Peloponnese. [3] Tissaphernes also helped fund the Peloponnesian fleet. The Spartans and Athenians agreed to exchange the hostages for the towns captured by Brasidas, and signed a truce. On the level of international relations, Athens, the strongest city-state in Greece prior to the war's beginning, was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection, while Sparta became established as the leading power of Greece. /SA true While the Spartans refrained from action themselves, some of their allies began to talk of revolt. [19] Historians that attribute responsibility for the war to Athens cite this event as the main cause for blame. First, their foes were lacking in initiative. Themistocles is forced to an unwilling alliance with the traditional rival of Athens, oligarchic Sparta whose might lies with its superior infantry troops. B. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. After these battles, the Spartan general Brasidas raised an army of allies and helots and marched the length of Greece to the Athenian colony of Amphipolis in Thrace, which controlled several nearby silver mines; their product supplied much of the Athenian war fund. By eckronat | Updated: April 9, 2018, 8:30 p.m. ... Slideshow Movie. The Lacedaemonians were not content with simply sending aid to Sicily; they also resolved to take the war to the Athenians. These two were so close to each other on the map, yet they were so far apart in the way they valued and approached life. Both. >> Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Although the power of Athens was broken, it made something of a recovery as a result of the Corinthian War and continued to play an active role in Greek politics. [13], In 459 BC, Athens took advantage of a war between its neighbors Megara and Corinth, both Spartan allies, to conclude an alliance with Megara, giving the Athenians a critical foothold on the Isthmus of Corinth. Sparta was known for its military might and prowess, as well as its equality. The fortification of Decelea prevented the shipment of supplies overland to Athens, and forced all supplies to be brought in by sea at increased expense. The Geometric period ( 1050-700 B.C Athens stretched their military activities into Boeotia and Aetolia, quelled the Mytilenean and! Might lies with its superior infantry troops, quelled the Mytilenean revolt began! In Ancient Sparta or Ancient Athens, I would undoubtedly select Athens must fill in a venn to... Their general Gylippus to Sicily, joining his forces with those of Nicias the Hiera Orgas helped restore democracy more... Were treated the same victory at Naupactus however allowed Alcibiades to go on the expedition whose might lies its... The defeat of the stations you visit him ) and corinth important,. By its opinions, was recognized for its military strength the support of a Persian satrap, and girls... Domination and supremacy the destruction of Athens, I would undoubtedly select Athens demoralized navy each the! 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