This solid form can then be modified with the addition of fillers and plasticisers depending on the task at hand. Disadvantages and advantage Polyvinyl chloride, PVC. The properties of the material can be varied by the addition of fillers, plasticizers, stabilizers and colourants. PVC is one of the most used plastic materials in the world. Little or no maintenance is requires. In the electrical industry, PVC is very useful in insulation pipes, jacketing, switches, plug housings and battery terminals due to its high electrical insulation and dielectric strength. Vinyl products can be broadly divided into rigid and flexible materials. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the worldwide plastic used due to the inherent properties such as durability, corrosive resistance, low cost, and high performance made PVC a versatile polymer with several applications for instance, pipes, profiles, flooring, cable insulation, roofing, packaging, bottling, and the medical applications. A polyurethane blend also offers similar results with increased abrasion and chemical resistance. in several applications. If that’s okay, click “Accept all.” To change your preferences, click “Open cookie settings.” You will find more information about cookies on our privacy policy page. It can also be easily reprocessed using heat. The equipment necessary for such a process is typically very expensive. It is heavier than air and has relatively low solubility. Low thermal conductivity. This process makes PVC strong, lightweight, and durable making it an ideal material for a variety of applications. »  What are the main characteristics of PVC? ... Good properties. Under ambient conditions, vinyl chloride is a colourless, flammable gas with a slightly sweet odour. To create pipes and other hollow tubes such as air ducts, we use twin sheet forming. Pure PVC is white in color. Factors to be considered while selecting, Fillers are added in PVC compounds for a variety of reasons. Properties. VCM molecules are polymerized to form PVC resin, to which appropriate additives are incorporated to make a customized PVC compound. In addition, it is easily altered by the addition of plasticizers, impact modifiers and other ingredients. © 2021 Matmatch GmbH, All rights reserved. There are, therefore, many different PVC products available with varying additive compositions and properties. Polyester blends combine the excellent processing characteristics of PVC with the superior physical properties of polyesters, increasing abrasion resistance, tensile strength and tear resistance. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Values SPECIFICATION SHEET All information, recommendations and suggestions appearing in this literature concerning the use of our products are based upon test and data believed to be reliable; however, it is the user's responsibility to determine the suitability for their own use of the products described herein. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has become a universal polymer with many applications (e.g., for pipes, floor coverings, cable insulation, roofing sheets, packaging foils, bottles, and medical products) because of its low cost and physical, chemical, and weathering properties. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is a thermoplastic made of 57% chlorine (derived from industrial grade salt) and 43% carbon (derived predominantly from oil / gas via ethylene). Another great posting from Arlington Machinery can be found here: https://www.arlingtonmachinery.com/blog/p.170518001/pvc-recycling-comes-into-its-own/, Your email address and name will not be published, submitting a comment or rating implies your acceptance to. There are two main classes of PVC (Figure 2): The addition of plasticisers to PVC acts as a lubricant to the rigid crystalline polymer chains, lowering the crystallinity and yielding a much clearer and flexible plastic material. Its good impact strength and weatherproof attributes make it ideal for construction products. Polyvinyl chloride, PVC material is a perfect mix of desired properties for different kind of plastic products. poly(vinyl chloride) information, structure, and properties. PVC offers excellent chemical and flame resistance, strength-to-weight ratio and dielectric properties along with good tensile, flexural and mechanical strength, low moisture absorption and exceptional dimensional stability. He exposed vinyl chloride gas sealed in a tube to sunlight and produced a white solid called PVC. PVC can also be blended with nitrile rubber (NBR), to increase flexibility and elastic recovery properties. Heat stabilisers increase the thermal stability, and lubricants reduce the melt viscosity preventing overheating. A major problem in the recycling of polyvinyl chloride is the high chlorine content in raw PVC and high levels of hazardous additives added to the polymer to achieve the desired material quality. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is one of the most commonly used thermoplastic polymers in the world (next to only a few more widely used plastics like PET and PP). Figure 2. This is the PVC from which pipes are made, and PVC pipe is everywhere. Window Frames, Pipes, House Siding, Ports, Roofing, Waterproof Membranes, Cable Insulations, Roof Lining, Greenhouses, Curtain Rails, Drawer Sides, Laminates, Audio and Videotape Cases, Records, Flooring, Wall Coverings, Shower Curtains, Leather Cloth, Hosepipes, Bottles, Blister Packs, Transparent Packs and Punnets, Under Seal, Roof Linings, Leather Cloth Upholstery, Wiring Insulation, Window Seals, Decorative Trim, Oxygen Tents, Bags And Tubing For Blood Transfusions, Drips and Dialysis Liquids, Waterproofs for Fishermen and Emergency Services, Life-Jackets, Shoes, Wellington Boots, Aprons and Baby Pants, Insulation pipes, Jacketing, Electricity Distribution Boxes, Switches, Transparent Distributor Box Housings, Plug Housings & Battery Terminals, Cable & Wire insulation, plugs, cable jackets, sockets, Sable Heads and Distributors, Floppy-Disk Covers, Credit Cards, Traffic Signs, Conveyor Belts, Inflatables, Sports Goods, Toys, Garden Hoses, FDA compliant & also suitable for transparent applications, Better chemical resistance than plasticized PVC, Good electrical insulation & vapor barrier properties, Good dimensional stability at room temperature, Limited solvent stress cracking resistance, Becomes brittle at 5°C (when not modified with impact modifiers and/or processing aids), Low cost, flexible & high impact strength, Good resistance to UV, acids, alkalis, oils and many corrosive inorganic chemicals, Non-flammable & versatile performance profile, Properties can change with time, due to plasticizer migration, Attacked by ketones; some grades swollen or attacked by chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons, esters, some aromatic ethers and amines, and nitro- compounds, Non-suitable for food contact with some plasticizers. There are discrepancies in the literature with regard to It needs to be modified before being processed into finished products.   »  How PVC is manufactured? Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), with the molecular formula shown in Figure 1, is a relatively cheap polymer with suitable chemical characteristics for use as a membrane material. PVC also has inherent flame resistance. POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PROPERTIES PVC is the most widely used member of the vinyl family. PVC has excellent electrical insulation properties, making it ideal for cabling applications. Compatible plasticisers can be added as softening agents to enhance some mechanical properties, while fillers can increase the stiffness, impact performance and add colour, opacity and conductivity. Additives are used to modify the properties of polyvinyl chloride to make it more useful. We also use them to provide you more relevant information and improve our platform and search tools. So, what is PVC? [Online]. Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is manufactured by chlorinating the PVC product, typically increasing its chlorine content from 56% to 66% [2]. This number, however, continues to increase as it looks to replace traditional materials such as wood, metal, concrete and ceramics in a variety of applications. When used for car components, PVC thus helps to reduce the risk of injuries in case of accidents. What it is made up of? Hence, it is ideal for making things like window frames, door profiles, and roofing systems.   »  Properties Comparison: Flexible PVC Vs. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Some of the key suppliers of PVC are: No Account yet? Construction: Polyvinyl Chloride is strong, light in weight, and durable. Its most well-known application is the formation of PVC pipes in the building and construction industry, but the benefits of PVC extend far beyond this into the medical, electrical and protective clothing sectors. Polyvinyl chloride (or vinyl) has stable physical properties, and excellent transparency. Quick Links to the Detailed Profile: In summary, PVC has the following properties: Good physical properties ; Low heat resistance ; Good chemical resistance ; Excellent transparency ; Good flame resistance; Typical End Uses. Some further uses of flexible PVC include waterproof clothing, life-jackets, inflatables and sporting goods. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is an economical and versatile thermoplastic polymer widely used in building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles, pipes (drinking and wastewater), wire and cable insulation, medical devices, etc. Get detailed technical information on Polyvinyl Chloride and its features. 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