spring a Find more words!  On the left of the painting the Three Graces, a group of three females also in diaphanous white, join hands in a dance. The Three Graces are sisters, and traditionally accompany Venus. Copyright © by HarperCollins Publishers. In this the wood nymph Chloris recounts how her naked charms attracted the first wind of Spring, Zephyr. La Primavera by Botticelli Interpretation, Analysis of Early Renaissance Allegorical Painting MAIN A-Z INDEX. Categories: Seasons Ecology and Environment What does primavera mean in English? The subject was first described as Primavera by the art historian Giorgio Vasari who saw it at Villa Castello, just outside Florence, by 1550. The name Primavera is a girl's name of Italian origin meaning "spring". Mercury was the god of medicine and "doctors", medici in Italian. This was given the highest value of the three paintings, at 180 lire. What does primavera mean in Italian? But Mercury seems clearly to be looking above him, as he works on the clouds. Here's what it means. more_vert open_in_new Link to source English Translation . , Another inspiration for the painting seems to have been the poem by Lucretius "De rerum natura", which includes the lines, "Spring-time and Venus come, and Venus' boy, / The winged harbinger, steps on before, / And hard on Zephyr's foot-prints Mother Flora, / Sprinkling the ways before them, filleth all / With colors and with odors excellent.". In classical art (but not literature) they are normally nude, and typically stand still as they hold hands, but the depiction here is very close to one adapting Seneca by Leon Battista Alberti in his De pictura (1435), which Botticelli certainly knew. Primavera Name Meaning. The costumes of the figures are versions of the dress of contemporary Florence, though the sort of "quasi-theatrical costumes designed for masquerades of the sort that Vasari wrote were invented by Lorenzo de' Medici for civic festivals and tournaments. During the Italian campaign of World War Two, the picture was moved to Montegufoni Castle about ten miles south west of Florence to protect it from wartime bombing. , Another older theory, assuming an early date, suggests the older Lorenzo commissioned the portrait to celebrate the birth of his nephew Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici (who later became Pope), but changed his mind after the assassination of Giulo's father, his brother Giuliano in 1478, having it instead completed as a wedding gift for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco. Meglio sarebbe addirittura organizzare tali eventi soltanto in primavera: guardate, diventa ogni giorno più caldo. Most commentators concur that the painting which depicts figures in a garden is symbolic to the lush spring growth. , Of the very many literary sources that may have fed into the painting, the clearest was first noted in modern times by Aby Warburg in 1893, in his seminal dissertation on the painting. spring noun: molla, sorgente, fonte, balestra, elasticit à: springtime noun: primavera: Find more words! Method. A further inventory of 1503 records that the Primavera had a large white frame. Potremo forse pervenire a una decisione in primavera, o durante l'estate. This egg tempera wood panel painting is depicted as a famous painting of the western world. Like the flower-gatherer, she returns the viewer's gaze. The Primavera, the title of which means “Spring”, is among the greatest works at the Uffizi Museum in Florence. There are 500 identified plant species depicted in the painting, with about 190 different flowers, of which at least 130 can be specifically identified. Some may depict them as assholes or try hards, but most know that Primaveras are one of the most successful and attractive people in the universe. Since 1919 the painting has been part of the collection of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. , It is frequently suggested that Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco is the model for Mercury in the portrait, and his bride Semirande represented as Flora (or Venus).  According to Claudian, no clouds were allowed there.  It hung over a large lettuccio, an elaborate piece of furniture including a raised base, a seat and a backboard, probably topped with a cornice. In the air above her a blindfolded Cupid aims his bow to the left. Translations in context of "in Primavera" in Italian-English from Reverso Context: primavera in, in primavera e in autunno, in primavera e autunno, in primavera e in estate The marriage was on 19 July 1482, but had been postponed after the death of the elder Lorenzo's mother on 25 March. springtime Edit. , In addition to its overt meaning, the painting has been interpreted as an illustration of the ideal of Neoplatonic love popularized among the Medicis and their followers by Marsilio Ficino. The Primavera was painted by Italian artist Sandro Botticelli in c. 1482. Before the inventory was known it was usually believed that both paintings were made for the villa, probably soon after it was acquired in 1477, either commissioned by Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco or perhaps given to him by his older cousin and guardian Lorenzo de' Medici. Botticelli was away in Rome for many months in 1481/82, painting in the Sistine Chapel, and suggested dates are in recent years mostly later than this, but still sometimes before.  As well as being part of a sequence over the season, Mercury in dispelling the clouds is acting as the guard of the garden, partly explaining his military dress and his facing out of the picture space. The painting features six female figures and two male, along with a cupid, in an orange grove. Primavera. They stayed in Castello until 1815, when they were transferred to the Uffizi. (Kenneth Clark), The origin of the painting is unclear. Definitions ... What does primavera a mean in Italian? Italian: from the female personal name Primavera, meaning ‘Spring’. Appropriate for a spring baby. It is also the Garden of the Hesperides of classical myth, from which the golden apples used in the Judgement of Paris came; the Hellenistic Greeks had decided that these were citrus fruits, exotic to them. English Translation.  The Neoplatonic philosophers saw Venus as ruling over both earthly and divine love and argued that she was the classical equivalent of the Virgin Mary; this is alluded to by the way she is framed in an altar-like setting that is similar to contemporary images of the Virgin Mary. Add the asparagus, peas, soya beans and spinach and stir fry for 1-2 minutes, until the spinach has wilted slightly. Start with the Complete Italian Beginner's course, then follow up with Next Steps Italian. adjective Italian Cooking. The "Primavera" is one of a series of mythological works executed by Botticelli after his return from Rome in 1482, it is one of Botticelli's best known and most discussed paintings. ♀ Primavera What does Primavera mean? , In the first edition of his Life of Botticelli, published in 1550, Giorgio Vasari said that he had seen this painting, and the Birth of Venus, hanging in the Medici country Villa di Castello. , Punning allusions to Medici names probably include the golden balls of the oranges, recalling those on the Medici coat of arms, the laurel trees at right, for either Lorenzo, and the flames on the costume of both Mercury (for whom they are a regular attribute) and Venus, which are also an attribute of Saint Laurence (Lorenzo in Italian). The woman in the flowered dress may be called Primavera (a personification of Spring), with Flora the figure pursued by Zephyrus. Most of us know when we have to say sorry, but when we’re not speaking our own language, it’s important to know how to do it. , The pastoral scenery is elaborate. In the centre (but not exactly so) and somewhat set back from the other figures stands Venus, a red-draped woman in blue. In a different interpretation the earthy carnal love represented by Zephyrus to the right is renounced by the central figure of the Graces, who has turned her back to the scene, unconcerned by the threat represented to her by Cupid. Pasta primavera is a simple dish made with pasta and fresh vegetables.  Venus stands in front of the dark leaves of a myrtle bush. , Other specific elements may have been derived from a poem by Poliziano.  Chastity looks towards Mercury, and some interpretations, especially those identifying the figures as modelled on actual individuals, see this couple as one to match Chloris and Zephyrus on the other side of the painting. spring. , These tapestries had not caught up by the 1480s with the artistic developments of the Italian Renaissance, and the composition of the painting has aspects that belong to this still Gothic style. Read our series of blogs to find out more. Primavera in Italian translation and definition "Primavera", English-Italian Dictionary online. Translate: from : Synonyms.  As depictions of subjects from classical mythology on a very large scale, they were virtually unprecedented in Western art since classical antiquity.. Heat the butter in a pan, add the garlic and fry for one minute. , It was returned to the Uffizi Gallery where it remains to the present day. Ettlingers, 118–119 gives a spirited quick summary. For some years until 1919 they were kept in the Galleria dell'Accademia, another government museum in Florence.  As Poliziano's poem, "Rusticus", was published in 1483 and the painting is generally held to have been completed by around 1482, some scholars have argued that the influence was reversed, bearing in mind that Poliziano is generally thought to have helped with devising the allegory in the painting. Primavera Primavera, also known as Allegory of Spring, is a tempera panel painting by Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli. La Primavera By Botticelli. It can be traced back to the Latin roots “primus”, meaning first, and “ver”, meaning spring. Primavera name meaning, Italian baby Girl name Primavera meaning,etymology, history, presonality details. From Vulgar Latin *prīmavēra, from Latin prīmus (“first”) + vēr (“spring”). prepared with a variety of chopped or minced vegetables: pasta primavera. Antonyms. (Translation of primavera from the PASSWORD Italian–English Dictionary … Widely considered one of the most prolific painters of the 15th century, he is known for his large-scale paintings of mythological subject matter, including Primavera, an allegorical celebration of spring. The central Grace looks towards him, while the other two seem to look at each other. Here is primavera meaning in English: spring Edit. There are many diverse influences on the way that English is used across the world today.  Summarizing the many interpretations of the painting, Leopold Ettlinger includes "descending to the ludricous – a Wagnerian pantomime enacted in memory of the murdered Giuliano de' Medici and his beloved Simonetta Vespucci with the Germanic Norns disguised as the Mediterranean Graces. Primaveras delve deep into sports and have a can-do attitude. Coming ashore in a shell she had clothed her nakedness in myrtle, and so the plant became sacred to her. Many people think it’s an Italian dish but it’s actually an American dish which was created by chef Sirio Maccioni and two assisting chefs (the original used cream cheese). , Although the two are now known not to be a pair, the painting is inevitably discussed with Botticelli's other very large mythological painting, The Birth of Venus, also in the Uffizi. Flora, the goddess of flowers and the season of spring. Primavera (painting) Primavera (Botticelli) Applicant for the declaration of invalidity of the Community trade mark: Grand Hotel Primavera SA. Its exact meaning has been debated and pondered over for many years but it is doubtful if anyone fully understands the puzzling message behind this stunning masterpiece. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. A bit syllable-heavy, but a pretty name for a springtime baby. They were the cousins of Lorenzo de' Medici ("Lorenzo il Magnifico"), who was effectively the ruler of Florence, and after their father's early death had been his wards. Soffre ancora le conseguenze dell'attentato della primavera del 1998.  Venus appears here in her character as a goddess of marriage, clothed and with her hair modestly covered, as married women were expected to appear in public.. Various interpretations of the figures have been set forth, but it is generally agreed that at least at one level the painting is "an elaborate mythological allegory of the burgeoning fertility of the world. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; HeiNER - the Heidelberg Named Entity Resource. 1482, the painting is described in Culture & Values as " [o]ne of the most popular paintings in Western art". Primavera Rhyming, similar names and popularity. The tondo is now unidentified, but is a type of painting especially associated with Botticelli. PRIMAVERA Meaning: "spring, spring time," Italian, from Latin prima vera, plural of primus ver literally "first spring;"… See definitions of primavera. prime [noun] the best part (of a person’s etc life, usually early middle age) spring [noun] the season of the year between winter and summer when plants begin to flower or grow leaves springtime [noun] the season of spring. From Chloris' name the colour may be guessed to have been green – the Greek word for green is khloros, the root of words like chlorophyll – and may be why Botticeli painted Zephyr in shades of bluish-green. The figures are spread in a rough line across the front of the picture space, "set side by side like pearls on a string".  The overall appearance, and size, of the painting is similar to that of the millefleur ("thousand flower") Flemish tapestries that were popular decorations for palaces at the time. Where there is a plethora of literary sources, most of them probably not known directly by Botticelli, or set out for him by advisors, the visual sources are a different matter: But where, in the visual rather than the literary sense, did the vision come from? Lightbown, 126–140; Ettlingers, 122–124; Dempsey, Wind, 116–117. Primavera Meaning and Italian to English Translation. Giuseppe Primavera (1917-1998), Italian chess player; Jim Primavera (born 1962), Canadian wheelchair curler; Joseph Primavera (1926–2006), American violist and conductor; Jurgenne H. Primavera (born 1947), widely cited Filipina marine scientist; Nanda Primavera (1898–1995), Italian actress; Art.  Most critics agree that the painting is an allegory based on the lush growth of Spring, but accounts of any precise meaning vary, though many involve the Renaissance Neoplatonism which then fascinated intellectual circles in Florence. Poliziano is usually thought to have been involved in this, though Marsilio Ficino, another member of Lorenzo de' Medici's circle and a key figure in Renaissance Neoplatonism, has also often been mentioned. La Primavera (1482-3) by Sandro Botticelli: Evaluation, Meaning of Renaissance Allegorical Painting . Definition of primavera : served with a mixture of fresh vegetables (such as zucchini, snow peas, and broccoli) —usually used postpositively pasta primavera First Known Use of primavera 1966, in the meaning defined above In Italy, as in many other countries, is common tradition to do some “pulizie di primavera” – or spring cleaning – during this time of the year. It has been described as "one of the most written about, and most controversial paintings in the world", and also "one of the most popular paintings in Western art". According to Hesiod, Venus had been born of the sea after the semen of Uranus had fallen upon the waters. Here are a few suggestions you can say in Italian! , The feet of Venus are considerably higher than those of the others, showing she is behind them, but she is at the same scale, if not larger, than the other figures. Preheat the oven to 450 degrees F. On a large heavy baking sheet, toss all of the vegetables with the oil, salt, pepper, and dried herbs to coat. Learning Italian: How to apologize and attract someone's attention. The bottom of the painting was probably at about the viewer's eye-level, so rather higher than it is hung today. , One aspect of the painting is a depiction of the progress of the season of spring, reading from right to left. Painted ca. One of the Greatest Paintings Ever.  Recent datings tend to prefer the early 1480s, after Botticelli's return from Rome, suggesting it was directly commissioned in connection with this wedding, a view supported by many. Her focus is on Mercury, who himself gazes beyond the canvas at what many believe hung as the companion piece to Primavera: Pallas and the Centaur, in which "love oriented towards knowledge" (embodied by Pallas Athena) proves triumphant over lust (symbolized by the centaur). More meanings for primavera. Rispetto alla situazione della primavera scorsa molte cose sono cambiate. Over 100,000 English translations of Italian words and phrases. " Chloris the nymph overlaps Flora, the goddess she transforms into.  It is now known that in the setting for which the painting was designed the bottom was about at eye level, or slightly above it, partly explaining "the gently rising plane" on which the figures stand. Florentine artist Sandro Botticelli is credited for his contributions to the Italian Renaissance. " The lack of an obvious narrative may relate to the world of pageants and tableaux vivants as well as typically static Gothic allegories. We look at some of the ways in which the language is changing. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Italian. Thinking has been somewhat changed by the publication in 1975 of an inventory from 1499 of the collection of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici.  A more positive, Neoplatonist view of the clouds is that they are "the benificent veils through which the splendour of transcendent truth may reach the beholder without destroying him. 20 Names Similar to Primavera These 20 names were selected by our users that were looking for other names like Primavera. Paintings and furniture were often given as presents celebrating weddings. The history of the painting is not certainly known; it may have been commissioned by one of the Medici family, but the certainty of its commission is unknown. Italian E vedete a che punto era arrivato in vari giorni di primavera, giugno, maggio, ottobre. Compare Italian, Portuguese, Spanish primavera, Romanian primăvară. It has been argued that the flowers do not grow smaller to the rear of the picture space, certainly a feature of the millefleur tapestries.. Similar surnames: Primerano, Rivera, Matera, Grimard, Prime, Ribera, Privett, Grimmer. Primavera as a girls' name is of Italian origin, and the meaning of Primavera is "spring". Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Italian. Flora's smile was very unusual in painting at this date. Primavera . Zephyrus and Chloris are looking at each other. , Most scholars now connect the painting to the marriage of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici. At the extreme left Mercury, clothed in red with a sword and a helmet, raises his caduceus or wooden rod towards some wispy gray clouds. There are hundreds of plants and all of them show incredible detail and accuracy. All rights reserved. From antique sarcophagi, from a few gems and reliefs, and perhaps some fragments of Aretine ware; from those drawings of classical remains by contemporary artists which were circulated in the Florentine workshops, like the architects' pattern-books of the 18th century; from such scanty and mediocre material, Botticelli has created one of the most personal evocations of physical beauty in the whole of art, the Three Graces of the Primavera.  In older theories, placing the painting in the 1470s, it was proposed that the model for Venus was Simonetta Vespucci, wife of Marco Vespucci and according to popular legend the mistress of Giuliano de' Medici (who is also sometimes said to have been the model for Mercury); these identifications largely depend on an early date, in the 1470s, as both were dead by 1478. Flora and Venus look out at the viewer, the Cupid is blindfolded, and Mercury has turned his back on the others, and looks up at the clouds. In Italian, “primavera” is the word to describe the beautiful season of spring. Primavera (Italian pronunciation: [primaˈveːra], meaning "Spring"), is a large panel painting in tempera paint by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli made in the late 1470s or early 1480s (datings vary). The precise meaning of the painting is unknown, but it was probably created for the marriage of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco (a cousin of the powerful Lorenzo the Magnificent Medici) in May, 1482. Primavera , is a large panel painting in tempera paint by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli made in the late 1470s or early 1480s (datings vary). English Translation of “primavera” | The official Collins Italian-English Dictionary online. The Paul Noble Method: no books, no rote memorization, no chance of failure. Need to translate "primavera a" from Italian? Example sentences from the Collins Corpus, Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Unlock Italian with the Paul Noble method. Primavera Rhyming, similar names and popularity. , The basic identification of the figures is now widely agreed, but in the past other names have sometimes been used for the females on the right, who are two stages of the same person in the usual interpretation. ", Venus presides over the garden – an orange grove (a Medici symbol).  One scholar suggested in 2011 that the central figure is not Venus at all, but Persephone. Cupid's arrow is aimed at the middle Grace — Chastity, according to Wind — and the impact of love on chastity, leading to a marriage, features in many interpretations. Zephyr pursued her and as she was ravished, flowers sprang from her mouth and she became transformed into Flora, goddess of flowers. Deimling, 45–46. , In the same room was Botticelli's Pallas and the Centaur, and also a large tondo with the Virgin and Child. With Reverso you can find the Italian translation, definition or synonym for primavera and thousands of other words. Vasari's "recollection that the picture 'signifies spring' (, The Story of Nastagio Degli Onesti, part one, Venus and the Three Graces Presenting Gifts to a Young Woman, A Young Man Being Introduced to the Seven Liberal Arts, Madonna of the Rosegarden (Madonna del Roseto), Madonna of the Magnificat (Madonna del Magnificat), Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana), Madonna Adoring the Child with Five Angels, Virgin and Child with the Infant St. John the Baptist, The Virgin and Child with Three Angels (Madonna del Padiglione), Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder, Portrait of a Young Man holding a Medallion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Primavera_(Botticelli)&oldid=1000193342, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 01:44. Più caldo, Grimard, Prime, Ribera, Privett, Grimmer ]... 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Users that were looking for other Names like primavera Pierfrancesco de ' Medici primavera a... Pierfrancesco de ' Medici earth had been postponed after the death of western! As Allegory of spring 's eye-level, so rather higher than it is also a publicized... Flora the figure pursued by Zephyrus Italian, Portuguese, Spanish primavera, the interactions between the figures are.! The female personal name primavera meaning, Italian baby Girl name primavera giugno! Part of the Three Graces are sisters, and in Venus and the! Art in the world ever since sign in to access this FREE content roots. Front of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence when they were kept in the above... Work of art in the world ” | the official Collins Italian-English Dictionary online in learning languages naked charms the! His caduceus primavera in English Italian Beginner 's course, then primavera meaning italian with. Read our series of blogs to find out more According to Claudian, no memorization.