To harvest, simply cut the base of the oat stalks and bunch the stems together. Agronomy graduate student David Weisberger presented at the small grains short course about his research interviewing various producers from around the state. Spelt: A cool weather grain similar to wheat; tolerates poor soil and dry conditions Oats: In the South, plant in fall for a spring harvest; in cold climates, plant in early spring for a summer harvest; most oat varieties have a tough hull that takes extra effort to … Allow the cut oat plants, called oat straw, to cure and dry on the ground for a day or two. Some markets also have strict limits on the allowable glyphosate residues in oats, which could affect their saleability. The greenest kernels should have just changed to a cream color. He found that seeding rates varied from 1.75-5 bu/acre among oat producers across the state. Harvesting oats is usually done by direct heading of standing grain as soon as the crop is ripe which will help reduce grain shedding. But with seeding small grains or cover crops, we talk about bushels or lbs per acre. Maturity & Harvesting. Growing it at the right time of the year is essential for a healthy oat crop. Most are using Trapper peas. Major oat buyer Grain Millers no longer accepts oat shipments that have received pre-harvest glyphosate because of concerns about the functionality of the oat during milling. 5. As the grains themselves form and mature they pass through the clear liquid stage, then become milky, followed by soft and hard dough stages (See figure 3) and finally to hard dough and eventually as a dry grain suitable for grain harvesting. Oats can springboard cover crops off to a good start after harvest in late July or August. Many farmers grow oats as a companion crop with forage seedlings. This is the most economical method if the grain … Oat silage quality is influenced by the stage of maturity at harvest and the material’s moisture level. Harvesting oats for silage. In contrast, if high yields are the goal, then harvest should occur in the late dough stage. He sold the red clover – that subsequently grew after oat harvest – for hay in the fall. It is also grown in fields for human and animal consumption of the grain. The forage also helps nix erosion by covering the soil longer into the growing season. When growing oats you will find the time to harvest, when pressing the oat grains they are hard and no milky liquid seeps out. Silage made from these oats can supply good quality feed for livestock. Oats are a cereal grain and the grass is grown for use in pastures as animal feed. Oats, unlike many other grains, mature from the top of the panicle downward. The recommended time to harvest … The typical oat head will yield 30 or more grains inside their outside covering, or hull. Common rates of mixtures are 1 to 1 1/2 bu of small grains/acre (10-15 seeds/ft 2 ) 1 to 1 1/2 bu of peas/acre (5-8 seeds/ft 2 ) Swathing: Ideal grain moisture range is between 20-25%. Since 90% of grain is in the bottom two-thirds of the head, it is important to ensure proper maturity before harvest. Oats retain more moisture when they are growing than many other grain crops and will need more drying time. If small grain harvest is delayed past the late dough stage, then the forage may be too dry to ensile. If a compromise is desired, small grains should be harvested in the early dough stage. In Koehler’s case, he underseeded red clover with oats in both 2018 and 2019. Currently, some dairy farmers are planting oat-pea and barley-pea mixtures and harvesting them at early small grain heading. 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