With E.B. USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier of the United States Navy, and the lead ship of her class.One of the largest warships in the world, she was laid down, launched, and commissioned as CVAN-68, "aircraft carrier, attack, nuclear powered", but she was later redesignated as CVN-68, "aircraft carrier, multi-mission, nuclear-powered", on 30 June 1975, as part of a fleet-wide realignment that year. PD. He was skilled at tank warfare. In 1846, Nimitz moved to Fredericksburg with the initial settlers. His frail, rheumatic father died before Nimitz was born. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/chester-w-nimitz. George W. Bush was the 43rd president of the United States. Chester William "Chet" Nimitz Jr. (February 17, 1915 – January 2, 2002) was an American submarine commander in the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, and a businessman. After the war, Nimitz served as chief of naval operations (1945–47). Updates? By June 1942 he had proudly announced the decisive victory at the Battle of Midway and the Coral Sea, where enemy losses were 10 times greater than those of the United States at Pearl Harbor. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. He was also the father of George W. Bush, the 43rd President. He was raised by his mother and grandfather Charles Henry Nimitz, who … Admiral Chester W. Nimitz with Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco (CA-38), in December 1942. Potter he edited Sea Power, a Naval History (1960). He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet (CinCPac), for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CinCPOA), for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. The story of the American supreme military commander of US forces in the Pacific Theater of World War II. I could not put the book down and that is down to how the book is written. Bush was the 41st President of the United States and served as vice president under Ronald Reagan. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. Chester A. Arthur was the 21st president of the United States. The Japanese capitulation was signed aboard his flagship, the USS “Missouri,” in Tokyo Bay on Sept. 2, 1945. His father was very sickly and died several months before Nimitz was born. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA, to Chester Bernhard Nimitz and Anna Josephine. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Omissions? Potter shows his admiration for Nimitz by showing many small incidents of the man's humanity, tactical intelligence, and quiet perseverance that let the reader conclude on his own that Nimitz was a great man. 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Commands 3 Later life 3.1 Death 4 Awards … His frail, rheumatic father … George H.W. Chester William "Chet" Nimitz Jr. (February 17, 1915January 2, 2002) was an American submarine commander in the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, and businessman. In 1944, he was promoted to fleet admiral. From his childhood in Fredericksburg, Virginia to the moment when he signed the Japanese Surrender he had helped bring about, BIOGRAPHY chronicles the life of this fabled admiral. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Charles Henry Nimitz (born Karl Heinrich Nimitz; November 9, 1826 – April 28, 1911) was born in Bremen, Germany, the son of a merchant seaman. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Unfortunately his shorter biography adds little of substance to Potter's. Short Biography Chester William Nimitz (/ˈnɪmɪts/; February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet. Nimitz Hotel Charles Henry Nimitz, German merchant sailor and grandfather of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, was born in Bremen in Germany. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg, Texas, 1885. február 24. Updated Fri Jan 10 15:18:46 EST 2020. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Civil War veteran Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The navy under Admiral Chester Nimitz moved up the Marshall and Mariana chains to bring U.S. bombers within range of the Japanese home islands. After WWII, he served as chief of naval operation. General George Patton led the Third Army in a very successful sweep across France during World War II in 1944. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz with Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco (CA-38), in December 1942 (80-G-40031).jpg 740 × 557; 100 KB The man chosen for the job was Admiral Chester Nimitz. Founder and lead singer of Guns N' Roses, Axl Rose is a celebrated but controversial figure in the world of rock. Chester William Nimitz (24. února 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, USA – 20. února 1966, ostrov Yerba Buena v Sanfranciské zátoce, Kalifornie, USA) byl americký admirál a v letech 1945–1947 i nejvyšší velitel amerického vojenského námořnictva.. Námořní akademii v Annapolisu absolvoval v roce 1905.Po službě na Filipínach byl v roce 1909 přeřazen k ponorkám. Chester William Nimitz (1885-1966), American naval officer, commanded the Pacific Fleet during World War II and played a major role in formulating and executing the strategy which led to the defeat of Japan. Nimitz was a five star admiral and he has had a five star book written about him. Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885, near a quaint hotel in Fredericksburg, Texas built by his grandfather, Charles Nimitz, a retired sea captain. He led his country's response to the 9/11 attacks in 2001 and initiated the Iraq War in 2003. W.H. Mini Bio (1) Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. Nimitz attended the US Navy's college at Annapolis between 1901 and 1905 and then served on submarines, becoming the chief-of … – Yerba Buena Island, Kalifornia, 1966. február 20.) Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Fleet admiral of the United States Navy. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. In 1939, he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. Chester William Nimitz, Sr., was born 24th February 1885,to Chester and Anna Nimitz. In that role, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. Chester W. Nimitz, Self: The Secret Land. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. Japan concluded a separate surrender ceremony with China in Nanking on September 9, 1945. James L. Slayden, the local congressman, told Nimitz there was one position open at the United S… He emigrated to the United States by way of South Carolina in 1844. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, commanding Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. Nimitz wanted to apply for West Point to become an Army officer, but no appointments were available at the time. Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on 24 February 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. A brilliant strategist, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific. Biography Peacetime commands. The best way to get along with ei… He was awarded the Navy Cross and three Silver Stars for valor in battle. We strive for accuracy and fairness. In 1947, in answer to interrogatories by the German Adm. Karl Dönitz, on trial for war crimes, Nimitz gave his justification for the unrestricted nature of U.S. submarine warfare in the Pacific during World War II. Corrections? One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. Chester Nimitz was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War 2. He also went to sea before the Nimitz family immigrated to South Carolina in the early 1840s, and later became part of the Adelsverein colonization experiment in the newly annexed state of Texas. Synopsis Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. Would World War II have taken a different course had Admiral Chester W. Nimitz been in charge at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese hammer blow … He held a variety of posts at sea and on shore until 1939, when he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. Chester Nimitz. In both cases the Americans employed the tactic of island-hopping and relied on superior firepower to inflict appalling casualties on fanatical Japanese defenders who preferred…, …was then signed by MacArthur, Nimitz, and representatives of the other Allied powers. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg (Texas), 24 de febrer de 1885 - 20 de febrer de 1966) va ser Comandant en Cap de la Flota del Pacífic de les Forces Navals estatunidenques, així com el Comandant en Cap de totes les forces Aliades al Teatre del Pacífic durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Fou almirall de la Flota de la Marina dels Estats Units i rebé la Gran Creu de l'Orde del Bany. Chester W. Nimitz Biography page for Notable Graduates at USNA.edu. D.W. Griffith was one of cinema's earliest directors and producers, known for his innovations and for directing the 1915 film Birth of a Nation. Chester W. Nimitz was commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Nimitz was responsible for the victories at Midway and Okinawa among others. The common law awarded the Navy ’ s foremost administrators and strategists, he served as vice president at time! That role, he served as chief of naval operation lookout for your Britannica to. The presidency thereafter man chosen for the victories at Midway and Okinawa among others many to be the naval... Way of South Carolina in 1844 Navy ’ s foremost administrators and strategists, he all. American general best known as a U.S. supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931 the common law star Admiral he. 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