This making of their hearts fat, is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit. God justly held him responsible for his choice because he did have genuine, though limited, freedom. True, this prediction was not the cause of their unbelief, but the Lord foretold it, because he foresaw that they would be such as they are here described. It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. Of such a fat heart beware. Isaiah’s Commission. With their heart "With their hearts" - ובלבבו ubilebabo, fifteen MSS. The whole blame of the evil is laid on the people for rejecting the amazing kindness of God; and hence is obtained a more complete solution of that difficulty to which we formerly adverted. Read Isaiah 43 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). To this wrath Israel had delivered itself up through its continued obstinacy in sinning. That what we hear and see, we understand with the heart - that is, that there be yielded thereunto both assent of the mind and consent of the will, this is faith; (3.) The effect of Isaiah"s preaching would not be that the people would repent, but that they would harden their hearts against his messages (cf. ... 6:10 "their eyes are dim" This (BDB 1044, KB 1612, Hiphil IMPERATIVE) is literally "covered with secretions" (cf. Paul, too, shows from this passage, on more than one occasion, (Acts 28:27; Romans 11:8,) that the whole blame of blindness rests with themselves. Those, however, whom God did not ordain to life eternal, He passed by and for their sin ordained to dishonor and wrath. Nevertheless He directed the prophet to preach repentance, because the judgment of hardness suspended over the people as a whole did not preclude the possibility of the salvation of individuals. [Zechariah 7:11] But as a hard heart, so a heavy ear is a singular judgment. His freedom was not complete; human freedom never is. The mediaeval adage, “Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat,” expresses one aspect of the same law; but the vult perdere is excluded by the clearer revelation of the Divine purpose (Ezekiel 18:23; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 2:9), as “not willing that any should perish.”, Shut their eyes.—Literally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. And shut "Close up" - השע hasha . The meaning is, that they would so act that the effect of all his diligence and ingenuity to instruct and reform them would be to render them still more stupid and wicked, and still more the objects of the Lord’s displeasure. --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. The Evangelist applies to the Gospel what had already taken place under the law, and at the same time shows that the Jews were deprived of reason and understanding, because they were rebels against God. THE CONTEXT. Seeing this is the case, make the heart of this people fat - declare it to be stupid and senseless; and remove from them the means of salvation, which they have so long abused. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. Let us try to read with fresh eyes to see as Isaiah sees (see last week’s commentary for more on how Isaiah sees). Be healed of sin, which is the disease of the soul, by remission and sanctification, and of all the deadly effects of sin. It is requisite that we have ears to hear, and eyes to see - not ears stopped, and eyes daubed up as these had; (2.) (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. His business was to teach them, not error, but truth; to set them an example not of rebellion, but obedience to the Divine win; to diminish and do away with their moral insensibility and wickedness, not increase them. to prepare a sumptuous, Julia-Childs-worthy meal. ‹Go, and proclaim truth to a corrupt and sensual people, and the result will be that they will not hear; they are so wicked that they will not attend to it; they will become even more hardened; yet go, and though certain of producing this effect, still proclaim it;‘ see this passage explained in the notes at John 12:40. Accordingly, the demonstrative particle הנה, (hinneh,) behold, is emphatic, and implies that the people whom the Lord had peculiarly chosen for himself do not hear the word, and shut their eyes amidst the clearest light. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. Shut their eyes, Heb. Now, however ungodly men may bark against us with their reproaches, that our doctrine ought to bear the blame, because the world is made worse by the preaching of it, they gain nothing at all, and take nothing away from the authority of the doctrine; for they must at the same time condemn God himself and the whole of his doctrine. Commentary on Isaiah 10:20-34 (Read Isaiah 10:20-34) By our afflictions we may learn not to make creatures our confidence. (a). (2) The truth must, nevertheless, be proclaimed. In the NT repentance means a "change of mind." Why then does he send his prophet? Commentary on Isaiah 35:1-10 View Bible Text “They will rejoice.” This is the first word of Isaiah’s vision in chapter 35, and it is the focus of the entire passage. An evil act in itself is the result of self-determination proceeding from a man's own will; but evil, regarded as the mischief in which evil acting quickly issues, is the result of the inherent wrath of God, which is the obverse of His inherent love; and when a man hardens himself in evil, it is the inward working of God's peremptory wrath. and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of. This is confirmed by the words in which his commission is expressed, and the substance of the message. That we turn to the Lord by true repentance, and then we are sure of healing, which is by pardon of sin, and power against it. (John 12:39 (97)). This prophecy is of the deepest import in Israel"s history. John 12:40. At first sight it seems unreasonable that the Prophets should be represented as making men’s hearts more hardened. But in the first place, we must understand what he means by the word healing; for he uses it in reference to the chastisements which had been inflicted on the people on account of their sins. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" (, ". It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. Shut their eyes.—Literally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. Our loving commitment to remain faithful to the Lord who has graciously saved us and called us into His service, despite our lack of outward success, should be. Matthew 13:14-15; Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:10; John 12:39-41; Acts 28:26-27; Romans 11:8). In simple terms, convert also means "to change," as in ice to water or dollars to pesos. Pelus 2. ep. . Ver. They carry in their mouth the word of God, by which,as by a lamp, the steps of men ought to be guided; for this encomium, we know, has been pronounced on it by David. Mr. Harmer very ingeniously applies to this passage a practice of sealing up the eyes as a ceremony, or as a kind of punishment used in the East, from which the image may possibly be taken. It implies the reckless headstrong will which defies restraint and warnings. As it is also a general offense, that the lively word of God, at the hearing of which the whole world ought to tremble, strikes their ears to no purpose, and without any advantage, let weak men learn to fortify themselves by this declaration. --- Them. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … Luke 8:10. In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple.Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. Isaiah 6, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in … 1. 8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? We may learn here. Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? By this it is not meant that Isaiah was to aim at and put forth what power he possessed to lead the people of Judah deeper and ever deeper into error and sire That was an errand on which God was morally incapable of sending him. Hence arises a most excellent and altogether invaluable consolation to godly teachers, for supporting their minds against those grievous offenses which daily spring from the obstinacy of men, that, instead of being retarded by it, they may persevere in their duty with unshaken firmness. 6. Isaiah 20 Isaiah 22 Isaiah 21:6-10 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 For thus has the Lord said to me: “Go, set a watchman, Let him declare what he sees.” 7 And he saw a chariot with a pair of horsemen, A chariot of donkeys, and a chariot of camels, And he listened earnestly with great care. We may learn here. 10. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. "Render the hearts of this people insensitive, Their ears dull, And their eyes dim, Otherwise they might see with their eyes, Hear with their ears, Understand with their hearts, And return and be healed. They have shut their ears, says he, and closed their eyes. Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. 3 And they were calling to one another: The Israelites in Isaiah"s day had already hardened their hearts against the Lord, and His retributive judgment on them had already begun when Isaiah received his commission. Mark 4:12. Isaiah 21:6-10. . (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 1. q. xxiv. Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. Isaiah could do no more. lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart. Lest they should see with their eyes, &c. ) was verbally directed to produce effects which he only predicted. But as that purpose is hidden from us, we must not too eagerly search into it; for the everlasting scheme of the divine purpose is beyond our reach, but we ought to consider the cause which lies plainly before our eyes, namely, the rebellion by which they rendered themselves unworthy of blessings so numerous and so great. A Vision. Isaiah 6:10 Hebrew; Septuagint ‘You will be ever hearing, but never understanding; / you will be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ / 10 This people’s heart has become calloused; / they hardly hear with their ears, / and they have closed their eyes Ver. It is right that the treachery and unbelief of men should be punished by meeting death where they might have received life, darkness where they might have had light; and, in short, evils as numerous as the blessings of salvation which they might have obtained. But their calumnies will not hinder his justice from being displayed, or hinder him from vindicating itself, and at the same time vindicating us. 'One must love divine things in order to understand them' (Pascal). Fat — Stupid and senseless. Not only does it give great offense, but Satan powerfully excites his followers to raise a dislike of instruction on the pretense of its being not merely useless, but even injurious; that it renders men more obstinate, and leads to their destruction. In Matthew 13:15 the words are quoted in the indicative, is waxed gross, (so the Septuagint), not the imperative, make fat: God's word as to the future is as certain as if it were already fulfilled. Isaiah 6:10. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. This making of their hearts fat is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by way of judicial operation, withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit, and giving them up to the power and arts of Satan, and to their own mistakes and lusts, whereby they are easily and commonly led to turn God’s word, as they do other things, into occasions of sin. So the poets of Greece, in their thoughts as to the Divine government of the world, recognised the truth that there is a judicial blindness and, as it were, insanity of will that comes as the consequence of sinful deeds ( Æsch. This is our healing. (10) Make the heart of this people fat.—The thought is the same as that of the “hardening” of Pharaoh’s heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). . Make the heart - The word “heart” here is used in the sense of the “mind” - to denote all their mental powers. Which at times they would not, now they shall not; but having made a match with mischief, they shall henceforth have enough of it; they "love to have it so"; [Jeremiah 5:31] they "forsake their own mercies"; [Jonah 2:8] they are miserable by their own election. Commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 (Read Isaiah 6:9-13) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people. Those, however, whom God did not ordain to life eternal, He passed by and for their sin ordained to dishonor and wrath." And be healed,] i.e., Pardoned and purged. At the present day, those who have no other reproach to bring against the doctrine of the gospel maintain that the only effect produced by the preaching of it has been, that the world has become worse. So that it signifies to close up the eyes by some matter spread upon the lids. Isaiah, A Brief Commentary Related Media. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. It is undoubtedly a harsh saying, that God sends a prophet to close the ears, stop up the eyes, and harden the heart of the people; because it appears as if these things were inconsistent with the nature of God, and therefore contradicted his word. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. Fat, i.e. In the first member of the sentence the order is, the heart, ears, eyes, in the latter the reverse order, the eyes, ears, heart. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 25:1-10a EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 24-27. Those only can with comfort stay upon God, who return to him in truth, not in pretence and profession only. And such being the eminent advantage derived from the word of God, if we are not reconciled to God as soon as his word sounds in our ears, we have no right to lay the blame on any other, for it rests wholly with ourselves. Again, it is called perfect wisdom, (Psalms 19:9;) how then does it stupify men and take away their reason? Isaiah 6:10 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (10) Make the heart of this people fat.--The thought is the same as that of the "hardening" of Pharaoh's heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). For (1.) Isaiah states that he is the son of Amoz and that his ministry coincided with the Judean kings named Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah. He does not indeed absolutely give the very words, but he states the meaning clearly enough. Is God unwilling to heal? Words in boxes are from the Bible. 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