[31], According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2), of which 37.3 sq mi (96.7 km2) are land and 0.077 sq mi (0.2 km2) (0.21%) is covered by water. Numerous authors followed the influx of specialists in the visual arts. [37]:68–75 While developing Santa Fe as a trade center, the returning settlers founded Albuquerque in 1706 from existing surrounding communities,[37]:84 naming it for the viceroy of New Spain, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 10th Duke of Alburquerque.[43]. According to the United States Census Bureau Model-based Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, the number of persons in poverty has increased to 400,779 (19.8% of the population) persons in 2010 from 2000. The Tanoans and other Pueblo peoples settled along the Santa Fe Riverfor its water and transp… The racial makeup of the city residents was 78.9% White, 2.1% Native American; 1.4% Asian; and 3.7% from two or more races. The Great Plains (High Plains) are in eastern New Mexico, similar to the Colorado high plains in eastern Colorado. Santa Fe's climate is characterized by cool, dry winters, hot summers, and relatively low precipitation. The scholarship is available to residents who graduated from a state high school, and attend a state university full-time while maintaining a 2.5 GPA or higher. Routes 84 and 285 pass through the city, along St. Francis Drive. [60] In 2008, New Mexico had the highest percentage (47%) of Hispanics (of any race) of any state,[60] with 83% native-born and 17% foreign-born.[74]. [27][28], New Mexico has five unique floristic zones, providing diverse sets of habitats for many plants and animals. After a few years serving in Santa Fe,[22] Bernalillo and Taos,[23] he moved to Isleta on December 28, 1891. [45] Other post offices in the Santa Fe city limits include Coronado,[46] De Vargas Mall,[47] and Santa Fe Place Mall. In consultation with members of community groups, who were encouraged to provide feedback, the consultants made a wide range of recommendations in the plan now published for public and city review. Due to the relative aridity and elevation, average diurnal temperature variation exceeds 25 °F (14 °C) in every month, and 30 °F (17 °C) much of the year. Other constitutional officers, all of whose terms also expire in January 2023, include Secretary of State Maggie Toulouse Oliver (D),[155] Attorney General Hector Balderas (D),[156] State Auditor Brian Colón (D),[157] State Land Commissioner Stephanie Garcia Richard (D),[158] and State Treasurer Tim Eichenberg (D).[159]. It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. The barriers were erected following the Jan. 6 … Among the architects most closely associated with this new style are T. Charles Gaastra and John Gaw Meem. Local leaders began promoting the city as a tourist attraction. However, the Confederate territorial government continued to operate out of Texas, and Confederate troops marched under the Arizona flag until the end of the war. The western border with Arizona runs along the 109° 03'W longitude. In 2018, NMDA estimated New Mexico’s chile production at $53.8 million with a reported 8,400 acres of chile planted and 7,900 harvested. After Texas was admitted as a state to the Union, it continued to claim a northeastern portion of New Mexico. New Mexico's statewide average precipitation is 12.9 inches (330 mm) a year, with average monthly amounts peaking in the summer, as at Albuquerque, and Las Cruces in the south. In 2000 the value of oil and gas produced was $8.2 billion,[99] and in 2006, New Mexico accounted for 3.4% of the crude oil, 8.5% of the dry natural gas, and 10.2% of the natural gas liquids produced in the United States. There are 26 Democrats and 16 Republicans in the Senate, and 47 Democrats and 23 Republicans in the House of Representatives. Performance Santa Fe, formerly the Santa Fe Concert Association, is the oldest presenting organization in Santa Fe. The route was called El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.[125]. The economy of Santa Fe, the picturesque capital of New Mexico, is driven by two major industries--government and tourism. [20] The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel. Find detailed information on capital appropriations, track project expenditures and issued grant agreements, and download customized data that’s important to you. During his leadership, he traveled to France, Rome, Tucson, Los Angeles, St. Louis, New Orleans, and Mexico City. [16] As of 2007[update], the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.[17]. [186] It was brought to national fame as the filming location for the movie Wild Hogs in 2007. Albuquerque's Northeast Heights have historically leaned Republican, but have become a key swing area for Democrats in recent election cycles. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900 CE. The styles run the whole spectrum from Baroque to Post-modern. The town was named after James Hobbs, a homesteader there in 1907. With an elevation of 7,199 feet (2,194 m), it is also the state capital with the highest elevation.[6]. [37]:52, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado assembled an enormous expedition at Compostela in 1540–1542 to explore and find the mythical Seven Golden Cities of Cibola as described by Fray Marcos de Niza. [60], The state also has a large Native American population, second in percentage behind that of Alaska. New Mexico imposes a weight-distance tax on owners, operators, and registrants of intra and interstate commercial vehicles with a declared gross vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 pounds. The plan anticipated limited future growth, considered the scarcity of water, and recognized the future prospects of suburban development on the outskirts. Turquoise, pottery, and salt were some of the goods transported south along the Rio Grande. New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821. [53] The 2000 census recorded the population of New Mexico to be 1,819,046; ten years later it was 2,059,179—an 11.7% increase. In 2010, New Mexico's gross domestic product was $80 billion, and an estimated $85 billion for 2013. [60] Area: 121,589 sq mi (315,194 sq km). File Online. In the mid-20th century there was a thriving Hispano school of literature and scholarship being produced in both English and Spanish. It was forced by the US government to drop these claims, in the Compromise of 1850, Texas ceded these claims to the United States of the area in New Mexico lying east of the Rio Grande, in exchange for $10 million from the federal government.[37]:135. [83], With regard to the judiciary, witnesses have the right to testify in either of the two languages, and monolingual speakers of Spanish have the same right to be considered for jury duty as do speakers of English. [118][119] It does not have inheritance tax, estate tax, or sales taxes. [76][77] Prior to the Rail Runner's extension to Santa Fe, Park and Ride operated commuter coach service between Albuquerque and Santa Fe. [44]:Article VIII, The Joseph M. Montoya Federal Building and Post Office serves as an office for U.S. federal government operations. [136]:9, 18, 58–59[137] The Denver & Rio Grande Railway, who would generally use narrow gauge equipment in New Mexico, entered the territory from Colorado and began service to Española on December 31, 1880. Labeled New Mexico Map with Capital. [124] Chaco Canyon's trade function shifted to Casas Grandes in the present-day Mexican state of Chihuahua, however, north–south trade continued. Performing arts include the renowned Santa Fe Opera which presents five operas in repertory each July to August, the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival held each summer, and the restored Lensic Theater a principal venue for many kinds of performances. The Apachian zone tucked into the southwestern bootheel of the state has high-calcium soil, oak woodlands, and Arizona cypress, and other plants that are not found in other parts of the state. There are no waiting periods under state law for picking up a firearm after it has been purchased, and there are no restrictions on magazine capacity. 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