Incomplete Soviet cruiser Tallinn at Leningrad c1949.jpg 5,744 × 3,685; 6.78 MB Add Image Please replace links to Wikipedia in this article with links to this wiki. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933.  Seydlitz turned back with the screen of light cruisers at a speed of 15 knots (28 km/h). Après la fin de la guerre, il a été utilisé pour la formation et comme caserne flottante, avant d'être envoyé à la ferraille entre 1953 et 1960. A full circle has 32 points, each equal to 11.25 degrees; a 16-point turn would be a reversal of direction. Those ships were designed with the idea of commerce war in mind, they should attack allied … The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which … Her deck was 30 to 80 mm (1.2 to 3.1 in) thick, with the thicker armor sloping down at the sides to connect to the lower edge of the belt. Powered by ... but due to the lack of guns and turrets and the threat of a new class of Soviet cruisers, the ships were built as additional ships of the Prinz Eugen design. German heavy cruiser “Lützow” during inspection by the Admissions Committee of the Baltic Fleet. At this point, Admiral Reinhard Scheer, commander of the High Seas Fleet, turned back towards Germany, having been warned of the Grand Fleet's sortie from Scapa Flow. This development made it impossible for Scheer to retreat, for doing so would have sacrificed the slower pre-dreadnought battleships of II Battle Squadron. Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow (1782–1834), a Prussian lieutenant general . Lützow Histoire opérationnelle, sur german-navy.de, 25 juin 2003. The leading British ships spotted Lützow and Derfflinger, and began firing on them. Une fois ces réparations effectuées, le navire a été rebaptisé Tallinn et utilisé dans la contre-offensive soviétique autour de Léningrad en 1944. , In the meantime, by 14:00, Boedicker's ships had reached a position off Norderney, at which point he turned his ships northward to avoid the Dutch observers on the island of Terschelling. Laid down in 1937 and launched in 1939, she was sold in an incomplete state to the Soviet Union in 1940, missing half of her 8″ guns and most of her superstructure.  In return, she was hit 24 times by British heavy-caliber shells. The forward ammunition magazines were penetrated and set on fire; the resulting explosion tore the ship apart. V45 and G37 began laying a smoke screen between the battered ship and the British line, but at 20:15, before it was finished, Lützow was struck in quick succession by four heavy-caliber shells. Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as Ersatz Preussen, as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen. G39 came alongside and took Hipper and his staff aboard, in order to transfer him to one of the other battlecruisers. The ship's gunners aimed their initial salvo at a range of 16,800 yards (15,400 m), well over their intended target. , The ship's first and only commander was Kapitän zur See Victor Harder. Encore inachevé lorsque l'Allemagne envahit l'Union soviétique en juin 1941, le navire a brièvement pris part à la défense de Léningrad en fournissant un soutien d'artillerie. The armament suite was rounded out with four 60 cm (24 in) torpedo tubes, all placed in the hull, below the waterline.  Boedicker refused to be distracted by the British ships, and instead trained his ships' guns on Lowestoft. These were finished on 19 February; Lützow was assigned to I Scouting Group on 20 March, and arrived at her new unit four days later. Water began to enter the forward generator compartments, which forced the crew to work by candlelight. Schwendemann H. Wirtschaftliche Die Zusammenarbeit zwischen dem Deutschen Reich und der Sowjetunion von 1938 bis 1941 . The Lützow Free Corps, a Prussian volunteer force during the Napoleonic wars commanded by Ludwig von Lützow; One of several ships known as the German cruiser Lützow, named for Ludwig von Lützow; 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow, a cavalry division of … By 16:00, Seydlitz was clear of imminent danger, so the ship stopped to allow Boedicker to disembark. The ship was approximately 60 km (37 mi) north-west of Horns Reef when she was scuttled. She took part in only one bombardment operation: the Bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April 1916, after which she became Admiral Franz von Hipper's flagship.  The ship was hit again at 18:45, probably by Princess Royal.  However, she was heavily damaged by an estimated 24 heavy-caliber shell hits. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50. Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916.  At 17:34, Lützow launched a torpedo at the battlecruiser Tiger without success. She was designed to displace 26,600 t (26,200 long tons) normally and she reached 26,741 t (26,319 long tons) at full load. The four remaining battlecruisers turned south immediately in the direction of Norderney to avoid further mine damage.  The British rangefinders had misread the range to their German targets, and so the first salvos fired by the British ships fell a mile beyond their German opponents; Lion's gunners fired their opening salvo at 18,500 yards (16,900 m). The visibility was so poor that the German ships fired one salvo each, with the exception of Derfflinger, which fired fourteen rounds from her main battery. , Shortly before 16:00, Hipper's force encountered Vice Admiral David Beatty's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron. If he chose to use his dreadnoughts and battlecruisers to cover their retreat, he would have subjected his strongest ships to overwhelming British fire. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow Operational History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class Burnett quickly decided to withdraw in the face of superior German firepower; his ships were armed with 6 in (150 mm) guns, while Admiral Hipper carried 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns, and Lützow had 28 cm (11 in) guns. The ship fired semi-armor-piercing (SAP) shells, unlike the other German battlecruisers, which had loaded armor-piercing (AP) shells instead. , Lützow was protected by an armor belt that was 300 mm (11.8 in) thick in the central part of the ship where it protected the ammunition magazines and propulsion machinery spaces. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class. , The other battlecruisers followed the move, but Lützow had lost speed and was unable to keep up. L'URSS l'a acheté en février 1940 et son transfert a été achevé le 15 avril de la même année.  Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. A second sweep followed two days later, also to the Amrun Bank. Her main battery turrets had 270 mm (10.6 in) thick faces. The Derfflinger class was authorized for the 1911 fiscal year as part of the 1906 naval law; design work had begun in early 1910. Lützow, the second member of the class, was allocated to the 1912 construction program. The second hit disabled the electric training gear of the rearmost turret, which now had to be operated by hand. Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of her class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. German Cruiser Lützow (1939) Lutzow was the fifth and last of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers for the Kriegsmarine. In the span of three minutes, Lützow had fired four more salvos, alternating between the four forward and four aft guns, and had struck with the last one at 16:51. As the British battlecruisers began to turn away, Seydlitz and Derfflinger were able to concentrate their fire on Queen Mary. Le SMS Lützow est la deuxième unité de la dernière classe de croiseurs de bataille construits pour la Marine impériale allemande (Kaiserliche Marine) au début du XX e siècle. Lützow was a sister ship to Derfflinger from which she differed slightly in that she was armed with an additional pair of 15 cm (5.9 inch) secondary guns and had an additional watertight compart… Thank you! Scheer hoped that in the foggy darkness, Lützow could evade detection and successfully return to a German port. , Lützow was ordered as Ersatz Kaiserin Augusta, to replace the elderly protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, which was by then 20 years old. G38 fired two torpedoes into the ship, and two minutes later she disappeared below the waves.  He had not yet made a decision when his leading battleships encountered the main body of the Grand Fleet. One month later, the ship was heavily engaged during the Battle of Jutland, on 31 May–1 June. The Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. In return, both Lützow and Derfflinger concentrated their fire on Invincible, and 19:33, Lützow's third salvo penetrated Invincible's center turret and ignited the magazine; the ship disappeared in a series of massive explosions. [g], While Lützow and the rest of the fleet were concentrating on Defence, Lion scored two hits on Hipper's flagship, causing a serious fire. Shortly thereafter, a second destroyer, Acasta launched a torpedo at Lützow that missed; in return, Lützow and Derfflinger fired a barrage of 15 cm shells at Acasta, hitting her twice. , Shortly after 19:00, the German cruiser Wiesbaden had become disabled by a shell from the battlecruiser Invincible; the German battlecruisers made a 16-point turn to the northeast and made for the crippled cruiser at high speed.  Lützow fired her last shot at 20:45, at which point the smoke screen had successfully hidden her from the British line. He 60 PzSchiff Deutschland.tif 1,504 × 1,073; 6.16 MB. Echo took sonar images of the wreck, which her commander stated would "ensure the ship's final resting place is properly recognised as a war grave. The resulting explosion would have likely destroyed the ship if the ammunition magazine had not been flooded. Lützow was a sister ship to Derfflinger from which she differed slightly in that she was armed with an additional pair of 15 cm (5.9 inch) secondary guns and had an additional watertight compartment in her hull. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The cruiser was finally flooded in 1949. Allemagne envahit l'Union soviétique en juin 1941, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lützow_(croiseur_lourd,_1939)&oldid=179550804, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Lützow can refer to:. On 21–22 April, Lützow joined the rest of the High Seas Fleet for a sortie into the North Sea that failed to locate any British warships. Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. The forward conning tower, where the ship's commander controlled the vessel, had 300 mm walls. Later on, during the course of the Second World War, both her name and classification were changed to Lützow and heavy cruiser respectively. The British Admiralty was made aware of the German sortie through the interception of German wireless signals, and deployed the Grand Fleet at 15:50. SMS Lützow[a] was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I.  Eight minutes later, Lion scored the first hit on Lützow; a salvo from the British ship struck the battlecruiser on her forecastle, but no major damage was done.  By 21:30, the ship was settling deeper into the sea. , Lützow' first major operation was the bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April.  At times, the ship had to slow down to as little as 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) to reduce pressure on the rear bulkhead in the torpedo flat. Rebaptisé Petropavlovsk en septembre 1940, les travaux sur le navire ont été poursuivis à Léningrad. 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