To show their…gratitude…the people of Warsaw nicknamed it "Stalin's penis.". A Nazi doctor stood here and evaluated each prisoner as they stepped off the train. The neighborhood of Kazimierz — named for the king — was a thriving and autonomous Jewish community for centuries when most of the world's Jews lived here in Poland. And nestled in the center of all this utilitarian concrete are plenty of urban charms. Crutches and prosthetic limbs remind us that the first people exterminated were mentally and physically ill German citizens; children's clothing — the Nazis spared no one — and a seemingly endless mountain of shoes…it's hard to comprehend the numbers. Each inmate had an ID number, a barrack number, and a bed number. If he pointed to the left, the person was judged strong enough to work and would live a little longer. Season 5 Episode 3 | 25m 4s | Video has closed captioning. Smaller text Larger text. Rick Steves' Europe. RICK STEVES EGYPT: YESTERDAY & TODAY sails beyond Europe, exploring the historic and cultural wonders of Egypt. 7. Stream Poland - Travel with Rick Steves by Travel with Rick Steves from desktop or your mobile device Romania. 3. Stop the car…get out…enjoy an intimate look at Poland's welcoming country life. Warsaw's huge, idyllic Łazienki Park is sprinkled with Neoclassical buildings, peacocks, and young Poles in love. $1.99. While Poles and Jews managed to live together relatively well, the story became a nightmare with the rise of Nazism in the 1930s. The castle long served as a royal palace. (The Nazis didn't want a panic.) Poland. Explore Poland! 10. After the Tartars destroyed their city, Krakovians built this imposing wall. But the Nazis regrouped, and brutally put down the Warsaw Uprising. The grand city of Warsaw experienced more than its share of hardships in the 20th century. Once they saw these blue lines, village boys were welcome to come a courtin'. Every country's had its ups and downs. Each midday, crowds gather for a medieval moment as a nun swings open the church's much-adored altarpiece. Kazimierz the Great turned the Cloth Hall into a permanent structure in the 14th century. More Buying Choices $1.98 (18 used & new offers) DK Eyewitness Krakow (Travel Guide) by DK Eyewitness | Feb 20, 2018. Get it as soon as Wed, Jul 8. Several restaurants offer Jewish music from 19th-century Poland with their traditional cuisine. Episode 312: Lisbon and the Algarve. It's also the city's edgy, hipster culture center — jammed with colorful bars, creative eateries, and designer boutiques. Kasia: Imagine, Poland was crunched between Protestant Germany and Orthodox Russia. In the Middle Ages, this was where the cloth sellers had their market stalls. Kasia: Let's go to a very special place. They murdered over 4 million European Jews in Poland. If you're going to remember one Polish king, remember Kazimierz the Great, who ruled Poland from Kraków in the 14th century. But across the grounds of the castle you can uncover more fragments of Kraków's history, and have the opportunity to visit several museums. Tour Account › Travel Forum › Home / Travel Forum / Poland / 5 days in poland; Please sign in to post. Tour Account › Travel Forum › Home / Travel Forum / Poland; Please sign in to post. It's bottoms up! Rick: Na zdrowie. However, the top-notch Museum of the History of Polish Jews has rejuvenated the area, making it even more of a magnet for those interested in this chapter of Polish history. Today Wawel is the most-visited sight in all Poland. During the Nazi occupation there were two heroic uprisings: First, the Jewish Ghetto Uprising. If you don’t trust me you can taste it. Dzień dobry. It was built in the 18th century by Poland's very last king, King Poniatowski, who wanted it both for his own summer residence — his striking Palace on the Water — and as a place for his citizens to relax. Eventually Kraków's power waned. As Polish and Jewish culture mingled here for so many centuries, it's hard to distinguish between Jewish and Polish cuisine. Chopin sits under a wind-blown willow tree. 9 Oct. 2004 Highlights of Paris. Kaisa: Strong? In 1555, it burned down, and was replaced by the current building. The resilience of Poland's culture and the warmth of its people inspire me. I mean it's just like…wow! Most of all, Kazimierz was remembered for being a tolerant and progressive king. You'll see legends from the days of King Kazimierz, when one-third of Poland's income came from these precious deposits: the famous astronomer Copernicus, and even the region's favorite son, Pope John Paul II. Rick Steves’ Europe Seasons . And Warsaw, decades after it was systematically destroyed during World War II, is a lively, thriving capital once again. by Rick Steves and Cameron Hewitt | Jun 19, 2012. Rick: Na zdrowie…Ohh. see our FAQ. Nearby, a visit to Auschwitz teaches a timeless, soul-searching lesson. 1. 4.5 out of 5 stars 28. It was rifles, knives, and Molotov cocktails against air force, tanks, and artillery as they battled courageously for 63 days. 4.6 out of 5 stars 13. ...and experience the phoenix of Europe — Warsaw. Until next time…keep on travelin'. Rate. The mine’s enormous underground church, carved in the early 20th century, is still used for Mass. Season 9 Episode 5. Terms of Service | Privacy, Kraków, Poland: Countryside and the Wieliczka Salt Mine, Kraków, Poland: Rich History, Vibrant Culture, Warsaw, Poland: Heroes, Memorials, and Restoration, Poland Rediscovered: Kraków, Auschwitz, and Warsaw. After they were killed, everything of value was sorted and warehoused. So it hurts only once. Resilient Krakovians took this opportunity to rebuild their city with a near-perfect grid plan — a striking contrast to the narrow, mazelike lanes of most medieval towns. Take me as example, I'm 65 years old and I'm still fresh, still young. Check your local listings for air dates. keywords Guide: The total number of chapels in this mine is over 20. 13. Industrialization Nearby, a visit to Auschwitz teaches us a timeless, soul … It was here that families from all over Europe were torn apart forever. At Birkenau the Nazis gassed and cremated over 4,000 people per day. Travel engages me with our world, and helps me feel fully alive. Rick: Oh my! Hopelessly outgunned by the Nazis, the uprising was crushed, the ghetto was demolished, and its residents were killed. This exquisite Gothic polyptych — an altarpiece with pivoting panels — was carved in the late 1400s by Veit Stoss. All the full length Rick Steves Europe PBS Episodes that I could find. Through all this, the Soviets sat here, across the river. We're having some traditional Polish dishes that go well with vodka: herring, cold cuts, Polish pickles, and steak tartare. Everything here, including the ornate altar and the grand chandelier, is hewn from this underworld of salt. Perhaps the best way to enjoy that is at a klezmer dinner concert. He granted them special banking and trading privileges, and established the long-standing tradition of Poland being a safe haven for Jews in Europe. They poured out of the sewers and caught the Nazis off-guard, initially having great success. Travel with Rick on this video guide to Prague, Czech Republic and find out what to do on your next trip. People were told they'd be starting new lives and to bring luggage — clearly labeled with their names. Glasgow: Gritty Industry and Feisty Scottish Culture, Neuschwanstein: “Mad” King Ludwig’s Castle in Bavaria. Nearby, the imposing St. Mary's Church — with its soaring lookout tower — has long been an icon of the city. Then, about a year later, the entire city rose up against the Nazis in the Warsaw Uprising. The remarkable Wieliczka Salt Mine — just outside of Kraków — has been producing salt for eight centuries. 6. Over a million people — the vast majority of them Jews — were systematically exterminated here at Auschwitz. Share your comments on Rick Steves’ Europe TV shows with other travelers and with Rick! Barcelona and Catalunya. 5. That's why I like it. Travel with Rick on this video guide to the Czech Republic and find out what to do on your next trip. Birkenau (about 1.5 miles west of Oświęcim). Oct 1, 2004. This is the oldest chapel in this part of the salt mine, Saint Anthony chapel from 17th century. The notorious gate welcomed inmates with a cruel lie: Arbeit Macht Frei…"work will set you free.". Because it was to be "Soviet in substance and Polish in style," Soviet architects actually toured Poland to absorb the local culture before starting the project. The camp monument represents gravestones and the chimney of a crematorium. A few buildings survive. After descending 200 feet below the surface, you follow your guide on a mile-long downhill stroll, getting a memorable peek at life in the mine. Wawel Cathedral is Poland's national church — its "Westminster Abbey." Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Vodka, after it's chilled properly, pours thickly into the glass. Rate. But the most powerful Holocaust memorial — I think in all of Europe — is the concentration camp here at Auschwitz, an hour's drive from Kraków. Season 10 Episode 1006 | 25m 2s | Video has closed captioning. The Nazis began moving people out at the rate of 5,000 a day to nearby death camps like Auschwitz. My Account . Downtown has a Gotham City ambience — with busy boulevards, expansive squares, and blocky buildings. The city's history is rich, its sights are fascinating, and the prices are some of Europe's lowest. S3, Ep6. Copy failed. A church has stood on this spot for 800 years. Explore Europe with Rick Steves, best-selling travel author and host of public television's "Rick Steves' Europe" and public radio's "Travel with Rick Steves." American travel authority Rick Steves guides viewers through his favorite European cities. In the northeast corner of Europe, Poland is one of the largest countries on the Continent. This time we're in Poland with such a rich history and a promising future. St. Mary's Church faces Kraków's marvelous Market Square. Like much of Poland, Kraków pulses with cool jazz nightly. Train tracks lead efficiently past the main building, into the camp, and to the dividing platform. As more Jewish people were moved in from the countryside, Warsaw's ghetto was soon the miserable home of well over a million people. Start a New Topic. After a three-hour train ride from Kraków, we arrive in Warsaw. And during Communism it was also very difficult and very dark, but we expressed our freedom and our political dissent by going to Mass. This square is where Kraków lives…kids practice breakdancing, horse carriages take you for a ride, and folk bands add traditional color. Kaisa: Ok, first of all, na zdrowie (toast). The cathedral interior is slathered in Baroque memorials and tombs, decorated with tapestries, and soaked in Polish history. If you don't trust me you can taste it. Now he owns the Jazz Club U Muniaka, and jams regularly here in a mellow cellar. Proud miners carved figures of great Poles out of the salt. Sigismund III — the great king who moved Poland's capital from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596 — stands overseeing everything. See the Travel Details above for recommendations highlighted in bold, excerpted from Rick's guidebooks. Before posting, please read our Community Guidelines. By the 19th century, the city wall was no longer necessary. the Mongols — swept in from Asia and destroyed Kraków. The big, round defensive fort standing outside the wall is a barbican. Collapse. You can look down the sides to see how the Main Market Square has risen about seven feet over the centuries (church open daily in the afternoon). Rate. Rick Steves' Europe. Sevilla does festivals with gusto. For more information, contact Lisa Werner at email@example.com or Hope Reed at 520-622-1393. Kaisa: What a question! 9. Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, was a vast factory of death holding 100,000 people. This thriving Jewish community — like most in Europe — was decimated during the Holocaust. Episode 310: Poland Rediscovered: Kraków, Auschwitz, and Warsaw. While Warsaw was in the sphere of Moscow and therefore more Eastern and conservative, Kraków has long been more Western and liberal. "Auschwitz" actually refers to a series of several camps in Poland — most importantly Auschwitz I, in the village of Oświęcim (50 miles west of Kraków), and Auschwitz II, a.k.a. Wawel Hill is sacred ground to the Polish people — a symbol of Polish royalty and independence. Video: Watch Prague, an episode of the Rick Steves' Europe TV show. Sevilla. It provided extra protection at the town's main gate. Its outskirts sprawl with Communist-built apartment blocks. One of the most impressive medieval woodcarvings in existence, it depicts the death of the Virgin with emotion rare in Gothic art. People were given hooks to hang their clothes on, conned into thinking they were coming back. Rick Steves' Europe. This hill is where Kazimierz the Great turned a small fortress into a mighty Gothic castle in the 14th century (only bits of its foundation remain, as the original fortress burned to the ground in 1499). Auschwitz was the biggest and most notorious concentration camp in the Nazi system. But Poland's been particularly hard hit through the ages. FREE Shipping by Amazon . Warsaw — pronounced "var-SHA-va" in Polish— is Poland's capital and biggest city. Please try again. To me, the thriving city itself is the best memorial to those Warsaw heroes. 5 days in poland. I find Polish culture and history both compelling and confusing. Reservations are required — whether visiting on your own or joining a guided tour. If he pointed to the right, the prisoner marched — unknowingly — directly to the gas chamber. Everything here around us is made of salt — even the chandelier is salt crystal. In the 14th century, when other nations were deporting Jews, King Kazimierz actively welcomed them. Back in Kraków, cap your day in one of the town's many jazz clubs. Guide: Visitors expect salt white, but it's black, but it's salt. This season also offers a travel skills episode on cruising, and two special episodes on Europe's greatest festivals. It was essential to survive this harsh climate. The bricks are worn smooth by countless inmates who sat here to catch a little warmth in the middle of a bitter Polish winter. And the city's legendary mermaid welcomes friends while keeping out foes. 0:55:02. Poland's two must-see cities are Warsaw and Kraków. Rick Steves' Europe. They decided to stage a courageous uprising. When built, in the 13th century, this was the biggest square in medieval Europe. A quarter of a million Poles were killed. Thanks for joining us. European Festivals I. Chat about your favorite shows. Kaisa: Do you know how to drink vodka? Rick Steves TV Episodes. Locals tore down most of it, filled in the moat, and planted trees. We don't sip vodka. Kraków grew wealthy from trade in the 12th century. Kraków, Poland. The remarkable Wieliczka Salt Mine — just outside of Kraków — has been producing salt for eight centuries. Up to 700 people at a time could be gassed, but it required two days to burn that many bodies here. The mine's enormous underground church, carved in the early 20th century, is still used for Mass. A castle has stood here since the 11th century. My friend and fellow tour guide, Kasia Derlicka, is joining us to be sure we get things just right. As the smoke cleared and the Nazis retreated, the Red Army marched in and claimed the pile of rubble that was once Warsaw. It began as a simple, stripped-down Romanesque church in the 12th century. Poland is devoutly Catholic. And salt preserves everything. By the 1930s, Warsaw — with 350,000 Jews — was one of the largest Jewish cities in the world. Eyeglasses evoke how individuality was trashed. Because of the ferocity of Nazi hatred, nothing remains of the ghetto except the street plan and the heroic spirit of the people who once lived here. Rick: Yeah. Read more. We'll visit its historic capital, Kraków, side trip to a salt mine, and to a concentration camp, then head for Poland's modern capital, Warsaw. He spent his last years in Paris, where he wrote most of his greatest music. While the 1944 Warsaw Uprising is a recurring theme in virtually all Warsaw sightseeing, two sights in particular are worth a visit for anyone with a special interest: The Warsaw Uprising Monument (at plac Krasinskich) and the thorough, modern Warsaw Uprising Museum (inconveniently located a 10-minute tram ride west of the central train station — but well worth the trip for history buffs). You'll explore this unique gallery — learning both about the art and about medieval mining techniques — on a required tour. One of Europe's most gasp-worthy public spaces, it bustles with life. Then the inmates piled into the "shower room." When the tour’s over a small but industrial-strength lift beams you up. Ultimately less then 10 percent of Kraków's Jews survived the war and the death camps. The fragile remains of the community, historic exhibits, and its synagogues provide a meditative look at how the town was walled in, and its residents eventually shipped off to nearby concentration camps. After descending 200 feet below the surface, you follow your guide on a mile-long downhill stroll, getting a memorable peek at life in the mine. Or in the Cloth Hall. Poland Rediscovered: Krakow, Auschwitz and Warsaw . Deep beneath the ground, the mine is filled with sculptures that miners have lovingly carved out of the salt. Everything had to be sold here on the market square. Seeing the camp can be difficult. Kraków emerged from World War II virtually unscathed — it slumbered under communism until Poland won its freedom in 1989. The gas chambers — where the mass killing was done — were disguised as showers. Posted by apyfiz19 (India) on 03/22/17 04:57 PM. With Rick Steves. Rick Steves' Europe. But Auschwitz victims and their families want tourists to come here, to experience the scale and the monstrosity of the place in human terms, in hope that the Holocaust will never be forgotten. Written and hosted by best-selling guidebook author Rick Steves, each half-hour show takes viewers to Europe's most interesting places, from great cities to off-the-beaten-path discoveries. The Germans bombed the sprawling gassing and cremation facilities as they retreated. For coronavirus (COVID-19) travel information, Copy Copied! The original church was destroyed by the first Tatar invasion in 1241, but all subsequent versions — including the current one — have been built on the same foundation. Traders passing through were required to stop for a few days and sell their goods at a discount. Catholicism defines the Poles, holding them together when nothing else could. Warsaw emerged as the dominant city in Poland and Kraków remained a provincial backwater of the Habsburg Empire, ruled from Vienna. Paperback $19.21 $ 19. During the partition in the 19th century, we didn't even show on the map but we survived — thanks to being Polish, and thanks to being Catholics. Today, this delightful and people-friendly green belt — a park called the Planty — circles Kraków's Old Town. Because the Nazis leveled the ghetto, there is literally nothing left except the street plan, some monuments, and the heroic spirit of its former residents. Travel with Rick on this video guide to Poland and find out what to do on your next trip. A monument to Fryderyk Chopin, Poland's great Romantic composer, graces the park's rose garden. Even though Poland's political capital moved from here to Warsaw 400 years ago, Kraków remains the country's cultural and intellectual center. I can't imagine how cold they must have been…wet, hungry, and dressed in rags. Go 1,000 feet underground in the vast Wieliczka Salt Mine, near Kraków, to tour the inactive mine and see the statues and chapels the religious miners carved out of the black salt over the centuries. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. ©2021 Rick Steves' Europe, Inc. | Kaisa: Yes, it's a traditional Polish drink, and actually it makes a lot of sense. Driving through the countryside back to Kraków refreshes travelers with a look at today's peaceful rural Poland. This is a country where the most expensive café on the most expensive perch serves drinks for a fraction of what you'd expect. Join Rick as he explores the most surprising and fascinating land he's ever visited - Iran. The highlight of the entire castle complex is the cathedral. Are you ready? It's Wawel, and Poland actually begins in Wawel. Poland is ready to be rediscovered as the old "east" transforms itself into the new heart of Europe. Several powerful museums are dedicated to telling the story. Warsaw's Royal Way — a mostly buses- and taxis-only shopping boulevard — is a local favorite for strolling, and browsing, and ultimately leads you to Warsaw's historic Old Town. About a year later, the rest of the city staged another ill-fated uprising: the Warsaw Uprising. Complete Video Script. Nineteenth-century houses — the few that survive — often sport colorful stripes. This is the oldest chapel in this part of the salt mine, Saint Anthony chapel from 17th century. Be sure to mention the name of the episode so that others can follow along and join the conversation. I'm Rick Steves. With its bubbly Baroque and cobbled charm, exciting Kraków is emerging as the "next Prague" — a vibrant city that's a surprise hit with many first-time visitors. 2019 Discovery: Gdańsk, Poland. Rick Steves explores both the new and the old in London, including the National Gallery, the Tower of London, the London Eye, and the British Museum. My Account. Several sights in Warsaw commemorate those who were murdered, and those who fought back. Na zdrowie. The memorial reads, "a cry of despair and a warning to humanity." Post questions and answers about travel in Poland. 21 $25.00 $25.00. 0. Stay tuned for lots of Rick Steves’ Europe this fall — including episodes on Portugal (Lisbon and the country’s heartland), the heart of England, Greek islands, Sicily (Best of Sicily and Sicilian Delights), Scotland (Glasgow, Highlands, and islands), cruising travel skills, and two special episodes on Europe’s greatest festivals. Episode 313: Sevilla. For centuries, generations of Wieliczka miners spent their daylight hours underground, rarely seeing the sun. 8.2 (11) 0. Rick Steves Snapshot: Kraków, Warsaw & Gdańsk contains all the complete chapters on Poland, excerpted from Rick's full-length Eastern Europe guidebook — and leaves out the chapters on other Eastern European destinations. Go 1,000 feet underground in the vast Wieliczka Salt Mine, near Kraków, to tour the inactive mine and see the statues and chapels the religious miners carved out of the black salt over the centuries. The Nazis turned this army base into a death camp. With a million and a half visitors each year, Auschwitz struggles with crowd control. Twelve new episodes include Portugal (Lisbon and the country's heartland), the heart of England, Greek islands, Sicily, and Scotland (Glasgow, Highlands, and islands). Rick: Show me. Back then, parents announced that their daughters were now eligible by getting out the paint. For sure I find Polish culture and Science — Poland 's welcoming country life 's... Id number, a visit to Auschwitz of his greatest music, initially having success. 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