They durst not publicly adore the Egyptian, &c., idols. Or they are called. Belzoni discovered one in Egypt to which there was no entrance except through a narrow hole. Ezekiel 8:5-12. They were the persons who engaged in this creature-worship; and they are here represented as constituting the leaders of the nation. (a). And what shall we say of Popish superstition? This certainly does not refer, as Professor W.R. Smith supposed (followed by Toy, etc. And He said to me, Seest thou, son of man, what the elders of the house of Israel do in the dark, every one in his image-chambers? The fact that there were pictures upon the wall indicates some culture and refinement of worship, and points to the Egyptian or Greek mysteries as the most probable explanation of this secret gathering. It is inconceivable that the highest class of Israelites, distinguished by birth and education and office (Exodus 24; Numbers 11), could have fallen to these depths; and, if they had so done, it is inconceivable that Tammuz and sun worship should have been considered so much worse than this (, ). Ezekiel. To bring out more strikingly the secrecy of this idolatrous worship, the cell is so completely hidden in the wall, that the prophet is obliged to enlarge the hole by breaking through the wall before he can see the door which leads to the cell and gain a view of them and of the things it contains, and the things that are done therein. The supposition that the seventy-one men were distributed in different chambers is at variance with the distinct words of the text. Bible Commentary Early Church Fathers Medieval Patristic. Stephen L. Cook offers an accessible translation and interpretation of the final sections of Ezekiel. The inner chambers of Egyptian temples had no windows, and the walls were covered with figures which a Hebrew prophet would have described just as Ezekiel describes this secret chamber. "All kinds of gods, monsters, and barking dogs.". Ezekiel 10, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … (, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. this was not a breach of the law, which forbade graven images, and molten images; but every likeness of any thing made for to worship is forbidden, and such pictures are to be destroyed, Numbers 33:52. It sought to explain the deep secrets of life and death, and plainly taught that there was a life beyond the grave. For New King James text and comment, click here. (Introduction to Daniel, III, 4, and Duruy, 2:374.) App-92. . The fact that there were pictures upon the wall indicates some culture and refinement of worship, and points to the Egyptian or Greek mysteries as the most probable explanation of this secret gathering. The Spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven and in visions of God he took … There was no kind of ancient heathenism less objectionable than the mysteries in their purest form. Every form — Of such creatures as the Egyptians, or any others with whom the Jews had acquaintance, worshipped. It is inconceivable that the highest class of Israelites, distinguished by birth and education and office (Exodus 24; Numbers 11), could have fallen to these depths; and, if they had so done, it is inconceivable that Tammuz and sun worship should have been considered so much worse than this (Ezekiel 8:13; Ezekiel 8:15). And the number of the persons assembled there suggests the idea of a symbolical representation, as well as the secrecy of the cell. 8 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord God fell upon me there. It encouraged reverence and self-restraint. Lord . Tuesday, February 9th, 2021 the Fifth Week after Epiphany. See the plates to Belzoni's Travels, the Isaic Tomb in the Bodleian Library, and the Egyptian hieroglyphics in general. 1. He owned a house,2 was married, 3 was a priest, the son of Buzi, and he was probably thirty years old when God called him. 2 Kgs 21:7 ; 2 Chr 33:7 , 15 ). ... ( Ezekiel 8:10). Ezekiel 3:16-27 Commentary. 8:10. Properly understood, this mysterious book, with its obscure images, offers profound comfort to us today. He took them under his protection: "I spread my skirt over thee, to shelter thee from wind and weather, and to cover thy nakedness, that the shame of it might not appear.' Commentary on Ezekiel 10:8-22 (Read Ezekiel 10:8-22) Ezekiel sees the working of Divine providence in the government of the lower world, and the affairs of it. Ezekiel 8:5. 8 In the sixth year, in the sixth month on the fifth day, while I was sitting in my house and the elders of Judah were sitting before me, the hand of the Sovereign Lord came on me there. Search this site. The images were pourtrayed upon the wall, as we find those ancient idols are on the walls of the tombs of the kings and nobles of Egypt. PDF by John Calvin. 13. The seventy elders represent the whole nation; and the number is taken from Exodus 24:1. and Numbers 11:16; Numbers 24:25, where Moses, by the command of God, chooses seventy of the elders to represent the whole congregation at the making of the covenant, and afterwards to support his authority. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS. . Ezekiel 4:9-17 Commentary. a. round about — On every side they surrounded themselves with incentives to superstition. 3. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And saw - every form of creeping things -, So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things. Possibly they had the same set of idols, by different givers, and by different painters, drawn on the walls of the chamber or house of idols. We must not limit the words to this, however, since the worship of animals is met with in the nature-worship of other heathen nations, and the expression כּל־תּבנית, "all kinds of figures," as well as the clause, "all kinds of idols of the house of Israel," points to every possible form of idol-worship as spread abroad in Israel. So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about. The Old Testament Library provides fresh and authoritative treatments of important aspects of Old Testament study through commentaries and general surveys. This was the esoteric religion of the most cultured people. Ezekiel 8:8. It taught that there was an eternal unity pervading all things; a “golden chain” connecting heaven and earth. And seventy men of the leaders of the house of Israel, with Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan standing among them, stood in front, every man with his censer in his hand; and the smell of a cloud of incense arose. And I came and saw, and behold there were all kinds of figures of reptiles, and beasts, abominations, and all kinds of idols of the house of Israel, drawn on the wall round about. The following are five of the most helpful commentaries … Besides giving a verse-by-verse commentary of the Book of Ezekiel, Walher Eichrodt fully discusses its origin and composition and all the knotty problems of the prophet's own activity. (10) Every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts.—The description of the idolatrous rites here practised clearly indicates their Egyptian origin. (Calmet) --- They denied Providence, ver. The high council, consisting of seventy members, the so-called Sanhedrim, was formed after the captivity on the basis of these Mosaic types. On the wall of the chamber round about there were drawn all kinds of figures of רמשׂ וּבהמה, reptiles and quadrupeds (see Genesis 1:24). Ezekiel. Ezekiel 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about.. Ver. חדרי משׂכּית, image-chambers, is the term applied to the rooms or closets in the dwelling-houses of the people in which idolatrous images were set up and secretly worshipped. It encouraged reverence and self-restraint. Ezekiel may be drawing on his memory of the Temple from before his exile in 598 B.C. The worship of vermin was an ancient cult which had been banished for centuries from respectable heathen worship. Quotes on Ezekiel 18:23 and 33:11. As that is not the case, the reference must be to that entrance to the court which lay between the entrance-gate of the inner court (Ezekiel 8:3) and the northern entrance-gate to the house of Jehovah (Ezekiel 8:14), or northern gate of the outer court, in other words, the northern entrance into the outer court. 272, 338). Creature worship was indeed practised among other nations, and the painting of idolatrous objects upon walls is expressly mentioned in Ezekiel 23:14-16, as introduced by the Jews from Chaldæa; yet the combination is so thoroughly Egyptian, and the political relations of the time also point so strongly in the same direction, that the origin seems settled. 2 And he said to me, c “Son of man, 1 d stand on your feet, and I will speak with you.” 2 And as he spoke to me, e the Spirit entered into me and f set me on my feet, and I heard him speaking to me. The following clause, "and all the idols of the house of Israel," is co-ordinate with 'כּל־תּבנית וגו. Ezekiel 5:13-17 Commentary. If he had been taken to the eastern gate in the meantime, this would certainly have been mentioned. Commentary on Ezekiel. In Ezekiel, dry bones are knit back together and infused with life-giving breath, while in John, Lazarus is brought back to life after four days in the tomb. By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL.13B ISBN: 978-1-892691-46-0 BIBLE LESSONS INTERNATIONAL MARSHALL, TEXAS 2020 www.biblelessonsintl.com www.freebiblecommentary.org. The connection between justice and care is often lost in contemporary Christian practice.1 We’ve gotten the memo on the importance of care, and today’s gospel lesson more than adequately underscores that message. The mysteries, when compared with Tammuz worship, etc., agree perfectly with the prophet’s statement (, ). Verse 14. Ezekiel 2:1-10 Commentary. 1. Ezekiel 8:10. The statue of jealousy : the statue which provokes the Lord’s outrage against the insults of his own people; perhaps the statue of the goddess Asherah set up by Manasseh, king of Judah (cf. beasts. You think Easter sunrise services are beautiful? Commentary on Ezekiel, Vol. Pourtrayed upon the wall round about - on every side they surrounded themselves with incentives to superstition. Ezekiel 8:10 So I entered and looked, and behold, every form of creeping things and beasts and detestable things, with all the idols of the house of Israel, were carved on the wall all around.. Young's Literal: And I go in, and look, and lo, every form of creeping thing, and detestable beast—and all the Idols of the house of Israel—graved on the wall, all round about Commentary on Ezekiel 8:1-6 (Read Ezekiel 8:1-6) The glorious personage Ezekiel beheld in vision, seemed to take hold upon him, and he was conveyed in spirit to Jerusalem. According to Ezekiel 8:12, the prophet was thereby shown what the elders of Israel did in the dark, every one in his image-chamber. Verse 4. There in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire ston… viii. Of creeping things; of such creatures as the Egyptians, or any others with whom the Jews had acquaintance, did worship. These chapters, the most challenging texts of scripture, describe the end-time assault of Gog of Magog on Israel and provide an incredible visionary tour of God’s utopian temple. Verse 13. (Introduction to Daniel, III, 4, and Duruy, 2:374.) It covers the historical-critical agenda but also includes newer approaches and questions, such as psychological issues and the notion that Ezekiel should be regarded as a ‘character' within the book. These mysteries were often held in caverns. Such chambers fitted them for the scene of the ideal picture by which Ezekiel represented Egyptian idolatry. Verse 17. Isaiah 29:15); and He has forsaken the land, withdrawn His presence and His help. (Bibliotheca Sacra, vol. and abominable beasts; unclean ones; not only oxen, but dogs and cats, and other impure creatures; for such were the gods of the Egyptians, from whom the Jews took their deities: and all the idols of the house of Israel; which were many, even as numerous as their cities: portrayed upon the wall round about; the pictures of them were drawn and placed around the wall of the room or chamber; and where they were worshipped by the priests and Levites, and members of the sanhedrim; and this was not in one chamber only, but in many, as appears from Ezekiel 8:12. : -. Then He spoke to the man clothed with linen, and said, “Go in among the wheels, under the cherub, fill your hands with coals of fire from among the cherubim, and scatter them over the city.” And he went in as I watched. The drawing of reptiles and quadrupeds became a sheqetz, or abomination, from the fact that the pictures had been drawn for the purpose of religious worship. And behold every form of creeping things. forsaken . John Trapp Complete Commentary. Ezekiel 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, portrayed on the wall round about. PDF by John Calvin. Verse 15. So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things,.... As beetles and others, worshipped for gods: and abominable beasts; unclean ones; not only oxen, but dogs and cats, and other impure creatures; for such were the gods of the Egyptians, from whom the Jews took their deities: and all the idols of the house of Israel; which were many, even as numerous as their cities: portrayed upon the wall round about; the pictures of them were drawn and placed around the wall of the room or chamber; and where they were worshipped by the priests and Levites, and members of the sanhedrim; and this was not in one chamber only, but in many, as appears from Ezekiel 8:12. creeping things … beasts — worshipped in Egypt; still found portrayed on their chamber walls; so among the Troglodytae. Ezekiel 9. For they say: Jehovah doth not see us; Jehovah hath forsaken the land. Ezekiel 1-4 Listen : An introduction to Ezekiel The Babylonian army began their attack on Jerusalem in 598 B.C. Study Guide Commentary Series, Old Testament, Vol. See attached PDF (425 pages) It sought to explain the deep secrets of life and death, and plainly taught that there was a life beyond the grave. Audio/MP3 by Martin Luther. King Jehoiakim died, and his eighteen-year-old son, Jehoiachin, became the new king (II Kings 24:8, see notes). Verse 6. The calculation is of course round. Biblical Commentary Ezekiel 18:1-4, 25-32 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Ezekiel saw a vision in the “the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity” (1:2), the young king of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) who was taken into exile in Babylonia in 597 B.C. (1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the LORD.. And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there.. a. Ezekiel at this time was in between 596 and 586. 1 Corinthians. And saw - every form of creeping things - It is very likely that these images pourtrayed on the wall were the objects of Egyptian adoration: the ox, the ape, the dog, the crocodile, the ibis, the scarabaeus or beetle, and various other things. Lectionary Calendar. In verse 5, he sees the "image of jealousy" that had been set up in the Temple, an image that had caused God to go far away from the sanctuary (verse 6). Belzoni discovered one in Egypt to which there was no entrance except through a narrow hole. Ezekiel 8:8. Ezekiel was one of the captives taken to Babylonia (“Our exile” 1). Ezekiel Commentary Verse by Verse. And I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne. Ezekiel 8:7. There was no kind of ancient heathenism less objectionable than the mysteries in their purest form. The Egyptian worship of animals is well known. Submitted by admin on Wed, 2017-10-18 14:23. Virgil speaks of these, Aen. It is impossible to decide on what ground Jaazaniah is specially mentioned by name; but it can hardly be on account of the meaning of the name he bore, "Jehovah heard," as Hvernick supposes. Elsewhere only in Isaiah 66:17. Verse 2. Thus they deny both the omniscience and omnipresence of God (cf. Ezekiel 6:8-14 Commentary. You can find the best commentary on Ezekiel for you using the tools on … - Jerome.). Many subterranean chambers in rocks upon the shores of the Nile exhibit ornamentation and hieroglyphical characters, some of which are representative of the objects of idolatrous worship. The idols of the house of Israel; the Jews had multiplied to themselves idols of their own, besides those borrowed from their neighbours. Ezekiel 5:1-12 Commentary. And He brought me to the entrance of the court, and I saw, and behold there was a hole in the wall. In neither case is resurrection life necessarily pretty. So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping animals, and, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. This is probably some type of abomination that makes desolate, a pagan idol that had actually been set up in the gate of the Temple courtyard in Jerusalem. lib. The drawing of reptiles and quadrupeds naturally suggests the thought of the animal-worship of Egypt. ), to an ignorant and debased form of vermin worship which had lingered in the obscure depths of society for centuries, and now comes to the surface in days of skepticism and despair (The Old Testament in the Jewish Church, p. 366; The Religion of the Semites, pp. Ezekiel 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about. Ezekiel 8 – Abominations at the Temple A. Ezekiel goes to Jerusalem in a vision. Verse 5. It taught that there was an eternal unity pervading all things; a “golden chain” connecting heaven and earth. . Omnigenumque Deum monstra, et latrator Anubis. Next, God ordered Ezekiel to lie on his left side 190 days to expiate the same number of years of the iniquity of the northern kingdom. This piece of idolatry the Jews had learned of the Egyptians, who madly worshipped oxen, asses, goats, dogs, cats, serpents, crocodiles, the bird ibis, &c. Procter impietatem ingens stultitiae exuperantia ostenditur, saith Theodoret on this text; Besides their impiety, were these men in their wits, think we? Commentaries on Ezekiel. Verse 11. The book begins with a thorough introduction to the main critical questions that arise in connection with the book of Ezekiel. This was the council chamber, Jeremias xxvi. Filled with both an indictment of sin and promise for God’s people, it can help us to live, like the ancient Israelites during the Babylonian captivity, as exiles in the foreign country of this world, with endurance and hope. Verse 10. 1 Peter. 10. From this explanation on the part of God concerning the picture shown to the prophet, it is very evident that it had no reference to any idolatrous worship practised by the elders in one or more of the cells of the outer court of the temple. These mysteries were often held in caverns. 3 And he said to me, “Son of man, I send you to the people of Israel, to g nations of rebels, who have rebelled against me. More than this, it is now known that the Greek mysteries — which even Herodotus acknowledges came from Egypt — experienced a revival 600-500 B.C., and it was probably this revival which was making itself felt in Jerusalem; for the Greeks, as well as the Egyptians, had great influence in Palestine just at this era. Verse 18. It was during this period that Jeremiah was obliged to contend strenuously against the desire of a considerable part of the court to enter into an alliance with Egypt against Chaldæa. There, in the inner court of the temple, was prepared a place for some base idol. (Compare Ezekiel 8:3; Deuteronomy 14:19; Leviticus 11:10-11.) Commentary on Ezekiel, Vol. A list of the best commentaries on Ezekiel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. ... Commentary on Ezekiel 15 ← Prior Chapter. Noble sentiments and sublime truths were mixed with the follies contained in the mysteries, as even the early Christian fathers were constrained to acknowledge, and it seems that St. Paul himself may have referred to these with no sign of disrespect. This animal = worship was part of Egyptian idolatry. And He said to me, Son of man, break through the wall: and I broke through the wall, and behold there was a door. 50:613. משׂכּית signifies idolatrous figures, as in Leviticus 26:1 and Numbers 33:52. Ezekiel 8:6. And He said to me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now towards the north. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The inner chambers of Egyptian temples had no windows, and the walls were covered with figures which a Hebrew prophet would have described just as Ezekiel describes this secret chamber. (Note: "Because the whole is exhibited pictorially and figuratively, he says that he saw one hole in a wall, and was directed to dig through and make it larger, that he might enter as if through an open door, and see the things which he could not possibly have seen while stationed outside." Ezekiel 8:12. Offered Mercy of God Contrasted With the Secret Will of God - Malachi 3:7; Ezekiel 18:23. 2 I looked, and I saw a figure like that of a man. Shaphan is probably the person mentioned as a man of distinction in 2 Kings 22:3.; Jeremiah 29:3; Jeremiah 36:10; Jeremiah 39:14. Ezekiel 8-10 New King James Version (NKJV) Abominations in the Temple. Ezekiel 7. In the midst of the seventy was Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, a different man therefore from the Jaazaniah mentioned in Ezekiel 11:1. And behold every form of creeping things.] (k) Which were forbidden in the law, Le 11:4. Patristic Bible Commentary. Verse 16. The party among the Jews who sought an Egyptian alliance, as abundantly appears from Jeremiah, was also the party most unwilling to submit to the Divine commandments. 272, 338). Ezekiel 4:1-8 Commentary. And I lifted up my eyes towards the north, and, behold, to the north of the gate of the altar was this image of jealousy at the entrance. Ezekiel’s Call. This would be at variance with the context, as we not only find the prophet at the northern entrance in Ezekiel 8:3 and Ezekiel 8:5, but at Ezekiel 8:14 we find him there still. Verse 8. Read Ezekiel 8 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Verse 7. (Haydock) --- The wicked do not regard it, and hence fall into idolatry. More than this, it is now known that the Greek mysteries — which even Herodotus acknowledges came from Egypt — experienced a revival 600-500 B.C., and it was probably this revival which was making itself felt in Jerusalem; for the Greeks, as well as the Egyptians, had great influence in Palestine just at this era. Samaria fell in 721. the idols of the house of Israel, because they had adopted them, and because Israel’s idolatry was so much more brutish and provoking than that of the other nations, who had not the law of God given to them as to the Jews. 12. 10. 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