Louis' relationship with his mother was uncommonly affectionate for the time. He barely eats and weakens increasingly. Complaining of pain in his leg, the King of France continued … Admittedly, he may only have been hypothesising a theoretical eventuality and not attempting a Franco-Spanish union. On 2 September Philippe II  went through the Parlement de Paris to annul the king’s will and made himself sole Regent, and a week later the Court left Versailles for Vincennes and remained there until December. Beaufort, who had escaped from the prison where Anne had incarcerated him five years before, was the military leader in Paris, under the nominal control of Conti. The principle of cuius regio, eius religio generally had also meant that subjects who refused to convert could emigrate, but Louis banned emigration and effectively insisted that all Protestants must be converted. Later, after 1700, the French ministers who were supported by Louis' secret wife Madame De Maintenon, were able to convince the king to change his fiscal policy. [22], During this period, Louis fell in love with Mazarin's niece Marie Mancini, but Anne and Mazarin ended the king's infatuation by sending Mancini away from court to be married in Italy. This portrayal of the monarch was to be found in numerous media of artistic expression, such as painting, sculpture, theatre, dance, music, and the almanacs that diffused royal propaganda to the population at large. Special Features: * Film Society of Lincoln Center presents Jean-Pierre Léaud & Albert Serra Q&A at NYFF54 Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. King Louis XIV was the Sun King as he preferred to be referred to, as he believed he was sent by God personally to rule France. By the Truce of Ratisbon, in 1684, Spain was forced to acquiesce in the French occupation of most of the conquered territories, for 20 years.[39]. The Death of Louis XIV. [7] At the time of his birth, his parents had been married for 23 years. During the Eighty Years' War with Spain, France supported the Dutch Republic as part of a general policy of opposing Habsburg power. Louis generously supported the royal court of France and those who worked under him. On 29 August a man who claimed to have a miracle cure, one Brun, was granted permission to approach the royal bed. Philip V of Spain, however, had not fully renounced his claim to the French throne despite the provisions of the treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France. The Dutch captured Pondichéry in 1693, but a 1697 French raid on the Spanish treasure port of Cartagena, Spain, yielded a fortune of 10,000,000 livres. Anne and Mazarin had largely pursued the policies of Cardinal Richelieu, augmenting the Crown's power at the expense of the nobility and the Parlements. This seemed to herald an era of Catholic monarchs in England. Thanks to Louis, his allies the Electors of Bavaria and Cologne were restored to their prewar status and returned their lands.[88]. [78] Charles II acknowledged that his empire could only remain undivided by bequeathing it entirely to a Frenchman or an Austrian. Between 300,000 and 400,000 Huguenots converted, as this entailed financial rewards and exemption from the dragonnades. Composers and musicians such as Jean-Baptiste Lully, Jacques Champion de Chambonnières, and François Couperin thrived. Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. [94] This included banning opera and comedy performances during Lent. [114], Line of succession to the French throne upon the death of Louis XIV in 1715. [15], The Frondeurs, political heirs of the disaffected feudal aristocracy, sought to protect their traditional feudal privileges from the increasingly centralized royal government. Louis' patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. In addition to portraits, Louis commissioned at least 20 statues of himself in the 1680s, to stand in Paris and provincial towns as physical manifestations of his rule. He danced four parts in three of Molière's comédies-ballets, which are plays accompanied by music and dance. It is notable as the first decoration that could be granted to non-nobles and is roughly the forerunner of the Légion d'honneur, with which it shares the red ribbon (though the Légion d'honneur is awarded to military personnel and civilians alike). Conseil d'en haut ("High Council", concerning the most important matters of state)—composed of the king, the crown prince, the controller-general of finances, and the secretaries of state in charge of various departments. As tensions mounted, Louis decided to acknowledge James Stuart, the son of James II, as king of England on the latter's death, infuriating William III. Upon returning from a hunting expedition, King Louis XIV feels a sharp pain in his leg. Louis XIV, the Palace of Versailles, absolute monarchy… Why don’t we take a closer look at the emergence of the nation state in early modern France? Over the course of four building campaigns, Louis converted a hunting lodge built by Louis XIII into the spectacular Palace of Versailles. Louis XIV became king at the age of four. But he could promise that Philip V would accept these terms, so the Allies demanded that Louis single-handedly attack his grandson to force these terms on him. Thus, his generosity to Spain with regard to Catalonia has been read as a concession to foster pro-French sentiment and may ultimately have induced King Charles II to name Louis's grandson Philip, Duke of Anjou, heir to the Spanish throne. Thus, Brabant allegedly "devolved" to Maria Theresa, giving France a justification to attack the Spanish Netherlands. A view of the equestrian statue of King Louis XIV in front of the chateau de Versailles on October 30, 2015 in Versailles, France. [118], Alternatively, Louis' critics attribute the social upheaval culminating in the French Revolution to his failure to reform French institutions while the monarchy was still secure. )", "La Mise en Spectacle De La Religion Royale: Recherches sur la Devotion de Louis XIV", "Force, Order, and Diplomacy in the Age of Louis XIV", "La Gloire du Roi: Iconographie de Louis XIV de 1661 a 1672", Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland, Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier, Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon, Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska, Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_XIV&oldid=1000149468, French military personnel of the Nine Years' War, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Legitimised on 20 February 1669. 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