But in the cases of something In this essay two Ancient Greek city states (polies) will be compared and contrasted showing how despite their differences, they both rose to become predominating powers. Those 500 citizens had to actively serve in the government for one year. During that year, they were responsible for making new laws and controlled all parts of the political process. In Athens, for instance, women were confined to the domicile and wore clothing that covered and hid their form. The remaining residents/citizens were called plebians, representing the poor as well as many of the city’s wealthy. tenant farmer people who paid rent, either in money or crops, to grow crops on another person's land. @YannisRizos I was asking in general and used Pericles in an attempt to signify. On top of things like philosophy and art, the Greeks took their citizenship very se… One important benefit available to all citizens was the honour of financially supporting the state (yes, at the time it was considered an honour ;). Social classes are not apparent today, as our democratic ways have helped to get rid of this unfair evaluation of others. Women were able to take part in almost every religious festival in classical Athens, but some significant festivals were restricted only to women. The Athenian democracy provided a number of governmental resources to its population in order to encourage participation in the democratic process. Hidden Benefits. Pol. Mostcitizen wives had slaves to do the cooking, cleaning, and groceryshopping. What are the main features of Spartan government in the period to 500BC? Due to the political disorder that stemmed from the early dynastic activity, the emergence of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 228 CE) sprung to focus on restoring order. The Athens was more superior then Sparta. Why are tuning pegs (aka machine heads) different on different types of guitars? The crafting of the U.S. Constitution, for example – though owing its greatest inspiration to English freedoms dating to Magna Carta , was heavily influenced by both Greek and Roman historical models. Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Reconsider travel to: The Eritrean-Ethiopian border due to poten. They were not allowed to vote or stand for civil or public office. Arbitrarily large finite irreducible matrix groups in odd dimension? 3.1278a] Nevertheless, inasmuch as such persons are adopted as citizens owing to a lack of citizens of legitimate birth (for legislation of this kind is resorted to because of under-population), when a state becomes well off for numbers it gradually divests itself first of the sons of a slave father or mother, then of those whose mothers only were citizens, and finally only allows citizenship to the children of citizens on both sides. Becoming a U.S. citizen is the next logical step for most green card holders, especially if they intend to stay in the United States for the long term. Were there any restrictions on ownership of say, land or slaves? These successes were driven, at least in part by the democracy’s success as a system of knowledge management: Athens did so well because the Athenians were able to innovate constantly, and yet were still able to reap the benefits of established and familiar ways of doing things. Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. For there is often a difference of opinion as to this: people do not all agree that the same person is a citizen; often somebody who would be a citizen in a democracy is not a citizen under an oligarchy. On the other hand, the rise, Introduction Are good pickups in a bad guitar worth it? Can there be democracy in a society that cannot count? Was the storming of the US Capitol orchestrated by the Left? Once she gave birth, her father could not take her back. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Both land ownership in Ancient Athens and liturgies would make excellent questions by themselves, I got a bit carried on in this answer and actually skipped the more relevant paragraph (updating now). Citizenship in ancient Rome (Latin: civitas) was a privileged political and legal status afforded to free individuals with respect to laws, property, and governance.. Roman women had a limited form of citizenship. You cannot be deported to your country of former citizenship or nationality. Citizens of Athens had many rights, including the right to stand trial and the right (when Athens was a direct democracy) to vote. So, where did this idea come from? While these two places were very different, there were many benefits to living in either city states. What evidence support the theory that the killing of unwanted children was practiced in ancient Athens? 6000 - 8000 of them did come to the assembly -- to debate what they should What is the rationale behind Angela Merkel's criticism of Donald Trump's ban on Twitter? The one with the superior technology, The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were two grand empires that rose out of preexisting territories and provided relative peace over wide areas. It's not something that everyone across human history has had. matter, the Athenians might say: We don't really have much to talk Is this a common thing? They had many of the benefits of a citizen but without representation in any of the city’s assemblies. Was Pericles the only famous loss from the plague in Athens? And being a citizen often meant being subject to the city's law in addition to having power in some instances to help choose officials. One important benefit available to all citizens was the honour of financially supporting the state (yes, at the time it was considered an honour ;). The citizens of Athens decided matters of state in the Assembly of the People, the principle organ of Athen’s democracy. Accordingly we lay it down that those are citizens who participate in office in this manner. Overall, I think Athens is better and safer to live in then Sparta. What are some benefits of being a citizen of Eritrea? You could marry Athenian citizens. These successes were driven, at least in part by the democracy’s success as a system of knowledge management: Athens did so well because the Athenians were able to innovate constantly, and yet were still able to reap the benefits … When does "copying" a math diagram become plagiarism? Pericles' reforms also shifted the family dynamics of the era, Athenian men were limited to marrying only Athenian women, or their children would not be citizens. Each of them had a distinct advantage that enabled them to defeat their enemies. Throughout the Greek world at this time, a great period of expansion and colonization took place, chiefly due to land hunger. Being a citizen of Rome Paul was able to use his rights and privileges to his advantage when dealing with the Roman authorities. The first published picture of the Mandelbrot set. In Ancient Greece, there were many city-states. theater,philosophy,architecture,music,sports, geometry what duties did pericles feel were important for a citizen? really difficult like war and alliance and so on, there would be a Ordinary citizens made laws, issued decrees and decided court cases. As for Pericles' reforms, in 451 BC he introduced a law that reduced the number of citizens, stating that only the offspring of two Athenian citizens could be citizens, and Aristotle theorized that the law was a natural consequence of having too many people sharing the benefits of citizenship: [Aristot. Sparta enjoyed communal ownership of property and all things, in essence, belonged to the State—men, women, children and goods. Athens over age 18 -- could come to the assembly, typically about The. I recall reading that in some of them, a "volunteer" could get away with not paying up if he could find a citizen wealthier than he was. The most important women's festival was the Thesmophoria, a fertility rite for Demeter which was observed by married noblewomen. Athens: If parents were free-born Athenians Rome: If parents were married in certain areas of Roman Empire Rome: But had limited rights. Citizens held power in some city-states, king or aristocrats in other. What (in the US) do you call the type of wrench that is made from a steel tube? Was the Athenian generals' trial after Arginusae a political one? What (primary) sources are there on the life of female slaves in Classical Greece, more specifically Athens? Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. thetes: The lowest social class of citizens in ancient Athens. The lottery-chosen president As Felix Goldberg already mentioned, compensation for participating in the Boule was instituted in the mid 5th century, and Pericles' reforms allowed payment for jurors in the Ecclesia. The City of Athens has introduced a major recycling initiative. The Romans were one of the first civilizations to have written rights for its citizens. Athens: First, had to complete educa- tion and two years of military training before being granted citizenship Rome: At birth, if parents were citizens They were shouted down by their fellow citizens if they weren't being Sparta was known for its outstanding military strength and tactical abilities at war. What was the status of specialized workers during Greek times? Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Besides the right to vote, were there any other advantages or benefits in being a citizen in Pericles' Athens? Drama and Theatre: The Athenians established the concept of drama. Citizens in ancient Athens could only be a small part of the overall population. Citizen of Athens had to pay taxes with the rich not having to pay taxes. Slaves still had some other rights, however, albeit few. By the end of the lesson, students will be able to analyze various primary sources to determine which characteristics were mostly highly prized in a citizen of Athens. Compensation for participating in assemblies was indeed Pericles' idea (or at least it started during his time). Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. becoming a U.S. citizen is a way to demonstrate your commitment to your new country. They were only given a cloak - no shoes or other clothes, and not enough food so they had to steal (to learn survival skills)”. Who of the Athenians has advice to give? From the transcript: Athenians, would be called in the center of the main city of Athens. Differences : Advantages And Disadvantages Of Athens And Sparta 857 Words | 4 Pages. Pericles the Younger went on to serve as a general in the Athenian army (an honour reserved only for citizens) and was executed for failing to pick up survivors in a storm after the Athenians' defeat in the Battle of Arginusae. But it need not make any difference, as it is only the question of a name, since there is no common name for a juryman and a member of the assembly that is properly applied to both. Also, re: liturgies, surely it wasn't always voluntary. Aristotle is thus probably correct, and Pericles intend was to minimize the added cost for the state by reducing the number of people who could participate in the two bodies. Thus, all were equal (or nearly so) before the State’s needs and women had more freedom to move about. “You can lead a horse to water but you cannot make it drink” – an often used adage to describe the frustration that teachers feel when they feel they have provided a student with every opportunity to succeed yet the student seemingly chooses to not invest any time into their studies. What are some of the benefits of Autocracy? Her life centered on the house and the children. The historical record indicates that the Ancient Greeks fully believed that men were qualified to participate in the political process, despite the misgivings of some thinkers such as Plato. In contrast, metics were required by law to have a guardian/sponsor that would stand for them, and failure to produce a guardian would mean they would lose their property and be sold as slaves. Being a citizenmeans legally belonging and having all of the rights that come along with that. Why is my loudspeaker not working? Quick, efficient decision making. The requirements of the citizenship in ancient Greece was that men under the age of 18 would not be a citizen. They will be able to articulate the most important duty of a citizen of Ancient Greece. Athens was considered the center of fine arts, music, and educational opportunities. And if it's some minor To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. 3.1274b] But a state is a composite thing, in the same sense as any other of the things that are wholes but consist of many parts; it is therefore clear that we must first inquire into the nature of a citizen; for a state is a collection of citizens. Thank you. Some areas have increased risk. 1 Answers. Citizens had rights which for the most part were limited only to themselves. Citizenship in the Early Republic. What prevented slaves in Classical Greece from running off? Each citizen could go to the Assembly, speak and vote freely, serve on jury, own land, have a share in decision, become an archon or a priest, have equality under the … It was the center of Aegean trade. 3.1275a] so that we have to consider who is entitled to the name of citizen, and what the essential nature of a citizen is. number of speeches by people from the floor, as it war, identified by What were the advantages and disadvantages of being a citizen woman in ancient Athens? ... How could you be a citizen of Athens. There were two types of drama in Greece: tragedy and comedy. The success in these wars enabled Sparta to double the agricultural resources. And if he be convicted, he shall be sold, himself and his property, and the third part shall belong to the one securing his conviction. I'm under the impression that metics were only allowed to rent farmland from citizens, but I'm not 100% sure on that. Didge Doo answered . [Aristot. The same principle shall hold also if an alien woman shall live as wife with an Athenian, and the Athenian who lives as husband with the alien woman so convicted shall be fined one thousand drachmae. It might perhaps be said that such persons are not officials at all, and that the exercise of these functions does not constitute the holding of office; and yet it is absurd to deny the title of official to those who have the greatest power in the state. They were, as Simone de Beauvoir noted, liberated of patrimony by the fact that Sparta had no sense of, ANCIENT HISTORY ASSESMENT: SPARTA Tragedy: The tragedies of Classical Greece were serious. The first factor is technology. By Jorge T 5 This chapter concludes with a section entitled “A very unusual empire,” which argues, as Athenians themselves no doubt did (cf. Athenian citizenship was only for one class or group in their society; citizens. This social studies lesson achieves a number of objectives. Women in Athens were not citizens - citizens were males 18 and over who could prove their Athenian ancestry. A camera that takes real photos without manipulation like old analog cameras. Contributing to the state was exemplified by liturgies, voluntary public services that were practically limited to the richer citizens. Best Answers. Now, in Sparta, they focused less on education and government. In general, masquerading as a citizen would lead to prosecution and punishment. so they would pass it by acclimation. How would Muslims adapt to follow their prayer rituals in the loss of Earth? that what we should be discussing is, you know, the war orphan stipend. Read the entire Travel Advisory. Athens and Sparta are the two famous city-states in Ancient Greece. U.S. citizenship provides many advantages not available to green card holders.. The readings from Homer, Xenophon, Aristophanes, and Thucydides explain the Greek ideals about heroism. One of the biggest benefits living in Athens is that it would be a peaceful place to live in. Even though the mountains protected Sparta it also caused trading problems, the Spartans had no way to get around the massive mountains to trade with people. Pol. The third book of Aristotle's Politics is focused on citizenship and its merits, and from early on it provides enlightening information about the benefits of citizenship: [Aristot. Generally, people were not able to change social classes and rarely would you have a metic or slave become a citizen. But not all people in ancient Athens were citizens. Was Alexander the Great Greek or Macedonian? History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. You were paid for participating in assemblies. However, some differences can be seen in cities such as Athens and Sparta. In addition, becoming a U.S. citizen is a way to demonstrate your commitment to your new country. The Athens was more superior then Sparta. Itwas difficult, but not impossible, for a woman to divorce herhusband, but easy for her husband to divorce her. One may wonder, however, if Athenians were so keen to fight and die for the city, why conscription was necessary and why the topic of draft evasion crops up with some frequency in our sources. 59 16] If an alien shall live as husband with an Athenian woman in any way or manner whatsoever, he may be indicted before the Thesmothetae by anyone who chooses to do so from among the Athenians having the right to bring charges. This didn't only translate to a right to vote, but more importantly the right to actively participate in all forms of government, the key characteristic of the Athenian Democracy being its extremely high level of participation. Why does my cat lay down with me whenever I need to or I’m about to get up? In 451 B.C the rules of citizenship became stricter. It only takes a minute to sign up. Aristophanes himself might have been accused of xenia (being a foreigner) by Cleon, a statesman often caricatured in the comic's plays. Being recognized as a citizen meant that you were a true inhabitant of the polis, that you legally belonged. Ironically, Pericles apparently pulled a few strings and managed to get his illegitimate son with his Milesian mistress, Aspasia, recognized as a citizen and as his heir. relevant. From Make: Electronics, ReplacePart to substitute a row in a Matrix. We need not here consider those who acquire the title of citizen in some exceptional manner, for example those who are citizens by adoption; and citizenship is not constituted by domicile in a certain place (for resident aliens and slaves share the domicile of citizens), nor are those citizens who participate in a common system of justice, conferring the right to defend an action and to bring one in the law-courts (for this right belongs also to the parties under a commercial treaty, as they too can sue and be sued at law,—or rather, in many places even the right of legal action is not shared completely by resident aliens, but they are obliged to produce a patron, so that they only share in a common legal procedure to an incomplete degree), but these are only citizens in the manner in which children who are as yet too young to have been enrolled in the list and old men who have been discharged must be pronounced to be citizens in a sense, yet not quite absolutely, but with the added qualification of ‘under age’ in the case of the former and ‘superannuated’ or some other similar term (it makes no difference, the meaning being clear) in that of the latter.