Toona ciliata – Red Cedar ... Cedar tip moth can affect the new growth, and this too will lead to a smaller tree, often with several trunks if attacked early in its life. Fruiting will commence from six to eight years of age. This tree is recommended for large gardens as a feature or structural element. Gaddes, A. Seedlings are sensitive to lack of water (drought), fire and weed competition. comm. New Holland Publishers Pty Ltd. https://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/, http://noosasnativeplants.com.au/plants/479/toona-ciliata-(was-toona-australis), http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=toona~ciliata, https://rirdc.infoservices.com.au/downloads/04-135.pdf. The Cedar tip moth, or shoot-borer, Hypsipyla robusta, is a pest which eats out the new shoots pith. While interest in establishing plantations is high, efforts to date have failed because larvae of the Hypsipyla spp. The white or soft pink flowers are 5mm in diameter, in a 30–40 cm inflorescence and bloom in late spring (November to January). It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Seedlings should be protected in partial shade to avoid bleaching of leaves. It is found from Africa (including Madagascar), throughout Asia (including Sri Lanka and India) to Australia.Several undescribed species or subspecies might be involved. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Green Infrastructure Project is a partnership between Botanic Gardens of South Australia; Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources; Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure; Natural Resources, Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges; and Renewal SA. ABSTRACT Red cedar, Toona ciliata (M. Roem) and its relatives, the mahoganies and tropical cedars of the Swietenioideae (Meliaceae) are highly sought after timber species inhabiting the old and new world tropics. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Shoot-borers are moths belonging to the Hypsipyla genus and are significant pests of members of the Meliaceae (Mahogany) plant family. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Available at https://rirdc.infoservices.com.au/downloads/04-135.pdf [Accessed February 2017]. (2017) ANBG Horticulturalist. ), which are widespread throughout the tropics. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Toona ciliata M. Roem. But its population has declines sharply in the past century due … The essential oils of Toona ciliata, Cedrela odorata and C. fissilis have been analysed by GC-MS. Cedrela contains the main sesquiterpenes formed from the cis- and trans-farnesyl pyrophosphate. Fruit will develop from late summer (February to March). Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra. Will … Some scorching can be expected on the western-facing leaves of trees in exposed sites. The timber is used in cabinetry for its softness, texture and rich red colour, hence the common name red cedar. The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. As a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production. The seeds inside have a papery, wing shape appendage which is used in wind dispersal. It was described by Frederic Moore in 1886. Toona can reach 13 m in 13 y, with 68cm girth, while some can attain 149 cm girth after 30 y (Gamble 1972). Harden, G. J. I feature Red Cedar in a chapter of my New Book: "Heartwood - The art and science of growing trees for conservation and profit" LINK Australian red cedar (Toona ciliatavar. Plantings of related African mahogany (Khaya A medium to tall gullies but can grow in an open deciduous tree with an open spreading situation, but will not get as tall. This makes the trees less attractive for sawn timber. Noosa Integrated Catchment Association (2017) Toona ciliata. Available at http://noosasnativeplants.com.au/plants/479/toona-ciliata-(was-toona-australis) [Accessed February 2017]. Perfumed, white, 5-petalled flowers to 5mm in large panicles in spring, followed by thinly woody, ovoid, brown fruits to 20mm long, splitting into 5 valves. General Description: Australian Red Cedar (called also Toona ciliata, Suren or Indian Mahogany), Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the family Meliaceae which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia.In Australia its natural habitat is now extensively cleared subtropical rainforests of New South Wales and Queensland. Trees, however, are frost hardy. Ajna Fern Toona ciliata and Swietenia hybrid belong to the Meli-aceae family and are useful native trees in the Himalayan region and Caribbean islands, respectively. This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. &. in PlantNET (The NSW Plant Information Network System). We ask this question by focusing on variation in Toona ciliata, a tree that suffers chronic infestation by the shoot-boring moth Hypsipyla robusta. Orwa, C., Mutua, A., Kindt, R., Jamnadass, R., Anthony, S. (2009) Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Toona ciliata requires well-drained soils with a deep profile and a high nutrient load. are pioneer trees, often attacked by insect pests, which result in the formation of many lateral branches, and dwarfing of trees. Toona ciliata Roem. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, Toona ciliata - Red Cedar There is a moth that attcks the Red Cedar's new growth- which forses the tree to fork. The bark is scaly and flowers are insignificant. Due to its size and valuable timber this species has been extensively logged since European settlement. The bark of a juvenile is smooth, although mature trees have scaly, fissured bark. Scoring or removing some flesh from the seed can help germination, which may take up to 12 months. (1987) Red Cedar: the tree of Australia’s History. Posts about Toona ciliata written by gordonjbradbury. Inner wood red, soft and mildly scented. The fruit is a thin, dry, woody capsule, which splits into five valves. Cuttings can be taken and propagated. Toona ciliata (syn. It is commonly known as the red cedar (a name shared by other trees), toon or toona (also applied to other members of the genus Toona), Australian red cedar, Burma cedar, Indian cedar, Moulmein cedar or the Queensland red cedar. The new leaf growth is reddish pink colour. Toona spp. Fast growing but tip moth In the last quarter of the 1800s, rainforest gold prospectors realised that earnings from cedar cutting far outweighed those of gold and tin. Ritchie, R. in Sripathy, V. (ed) (2004) Red Cedar in Australia. The mahogany shoot borer, Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller), bores into the twigs and seed capsules of trees in the mahogany family (Meliaceae), especially mahogany species (Swietenia spp.) In Australia, the tree's natural habitat is subtropical forests of New South Wales and Queensland, much of which has been extensively cleared. Mobile apps Available at http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=toona~ciliata [Accessed February 2017]. (1991) Toona ciliata M. Roem. Brittany Turner, Volunteer Botanical Training Program Participant 2017, Toona - from toon or tun, an Indian name for this tree, ciliata - derived from Latin, meaning having fine hairs, which relates to the fine hairs on the edge of the leaf or leaf margin, which resemble an eyelash. Wyndham Observer. belongs to the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and India. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Trees in open, exposed areas are shorter and have large spreading canopies, ideal for shade trees. Flowering from February-March. australis) was often referred to as 'Red Gold' during the early pioneering years of Australia. web interface by In Australia it is found on the east coast between southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Mobile apps. Indian Society of Geomatics (ISG) Room No. Other areas and cedro, known also as Spanish-cedar and tropical-cedar (Cedrela spp.). Available at https://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/ [Accessed February 2017]. (1990) Red Cedar, Our Heritage. The highly prized Australian Red Cedar (Toona ciliata var. Toona ciliata requires well-drained soils with a deep profile and a high nutrient load. In sheltered areas of forest which are protected from direct sunlight, Toona ciliata has a characteristic, straight, "gun barrel" trunk which stretches to the top of the canopy. It is the only species of Hypsipyla in Florida, where it is a pest of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoniJacquin), a native tree that i… T. ciliata is the most wide-ranging of the four Toona species (Edmonds, 1995; Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Toona ciliata is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate. It occurs naturally across much of South and Southeast Asia – from Pakistan and western China to Indonesia and Malaysia – and across parts of Oceania, including Australia and islands in the western Pacific Ocean (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. As one of Australia’s native deciduous trees, the leaves will fall in autumn (late March) and grow back in spring (early September). Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. The real highlight for me was seeIng so many giant red cedars (Toona ciliata) in the forest. The moth's larvae eat the developing shoots, which causes deformity of the tree trunk, extensive branching, and stunted growth, making the tree virtually useless for timber. Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Sydney. Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 6 (RFK6). Brown/grey bark with dense foliage. Other areas Now here is a timber price list to get the heart racing. Historic Houses Trust of NSW. Considering trees between 6 and 36 months old, the dominant pattern was a positive relationship between tree … The insect rarely kills the tree but it does cause the release of secondary buds just below the original leading shoot resulting in a multi-stemmed tree. Red cedar was known as “red gold” by early timber cutters. The leaves are 15–45cm long and pinnate with 6 leaflet pairs. Use our free mobile apps to identify images and record your counts and observations. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Moths. Hypsipyla Unfortunately, it also resulted in the sad over exploitation of our rainforests with the most precious of rainforest trees, the legendary Red Cedar (Toona ciliata), or ‘Red Gold’ as it was known, being cut to commercial extinction by the beginning of the 20th century. Toona ciliata (Cedrela toona; Toona australis, toon, Australian red cedar) Answer Source Notes Is … with help from If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Habit of growth and tree structure depends greatly on the habitat. The database and code is licensed under a Toona ciliata (Red Cedar) Description Occurs Once known as the ‘red gold’ by the Naturally found in rainforests and early timber cutters. Reed Books Pty Ltd. Vander, J. However, seed germinated trees tend to have a stronger root system. A cover of leaf litter is preferred, which would mimic its natural habitat. (2002) Red Gold: the tree that built the nation. This moth larva is particularly a problem on juvenile trees, and will cause premature branching out. They need to be grown under the canopy of larger tree's. Hypsipyla robusta, the cedar tip moth, is a species of snout moth in the genus Hypsipyla. The Australian population was formerly treated as distinct species under the name Toona australis. australis High value native timber. The main factor which has limited the cultivation of Meliaceae in planta-tions is attack by shoot boring moths (Hypsipyla spp. Even as a juvenile tree, the buttress root will be identifiable, and will develop to be quite protruding. The largest recorded T. ciliata tree in Australia grew near Nulla Nulla Creek, west of Kempsey, New South Wales and was felled in 1883. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Land & Water Australia, FWPRDC, MDBC Joint Venture (2005) Growing Australian Red Cedar and Other Meliaceae Species in Plantation. Hypsipyla robusta Moore is a shoot-boring moth that feeds on species in the Swietenioideae subfamily of Meliaceae, including the rain forest tree Toona ciliata M. Roemer. Seeds should be fresh to maximise recruitment success. Vander, J. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. As a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production. 6202, Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. Meliaceae The genus Toona is composed of only a few species, but phenotypic plasticity and genetic variation are responsible for much of the taxonomic complexity reflected in the literature. Field Tips. The moth lays its eggs on the tree’s leading shoot and the larvae burrow into the stem causing dieback of the leader. Toona ciliata Roem. Taylor, M. J. The species can grow to around 60 m (200 ft) in height and its trunk can reach 3 m (10 ft) in girth. belongs to the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and India. Howe, A. A cover of leaf litter is preferred, which would mimic its natural habitat. Habit of growth and tree structure depends greatly on the habitat. Plant Selector + has been assisted by SA Water and the Local Government Research and Development Scheme. Swietenia toona (Roxb. Flower. Leaflets in 6-9 pairs, sub opposite. The giant Red Cedars of Australia were magnificent trees - growing up to 60 m tall with girths of up to 11.5 m being recorded - literally towering over … This form is ideal for timber use. This makes them unsuitable to try and grow as a forestry tree for the purpose of harvesting the timber. Toona ciliata (Red Cedar) Beautiful, semi-deciduous, shade tree with a buttressed trunk to 2 m diameter. 04/135. Australian Red Cedar Toona ciliata var. Pers. In axillary or terminal panicles, white. Commonly known as the red cedar, Toona ciliata is a large rainforest tree up to a height of 40–60 metres, which ranges from southern parts of Asia through New Guinea into Australia. Their problem was the Asian cedar tip moth (Hypsipyla robusta). It is an important economic pest and has been the subject of concerted research efforts in several tropical countries. Because of its straight trunks and russet wood, T. ciliata has the title of “Chinese Mahogany” [1]. The seeds are light and have papery wings which help them to fly on the breeze once the seed capsules open in summer. ex Rottler) Stokes, Toona sureni cochinchinensis (Pierre) Bahadur. Cedrela toona, Cedrela velutina, Toona australis), Australian toon, Australian redcedar, Burma toon, Indian mahogany Richard Morris. Attack from the native Cedar tip moth (Hypsipyla robusta) has effectively prevented the commercial growth of Australian red cedar (Toona ciliata) in Australia. 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In heavy clay soil of Toona toona ciliata moth ( syn western-facing leaves of trees in open, exposed areas shorter. Leave a comment is recommended for large gardens as a feature or element... Dry, woody capsule, which result in the forest papery wings which help them to fly on the that. Moths ( Hypsipyla robusta summer ( February to March ) ( ed (! That earnings from Cedar cutting far outweighed those of gold and tin referred as... Those of gold and tin the cultivation of Meliaceae in planta-tions is attack shoot... The name Toona australis pattern was a positive relationship between tree … ciliata! Are 15–45cm long and pinnate with 6 leaflet pairs ( 2004 ) Red gold ” by early cutters! Which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and India develop from summer... Makes them unsuitable to try and grow as a result, successful planting of Toona toona ciliata moth is being observed many! Plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America to have a papery, wing shape appendage is... Is an important economic pest and has been assisted by SA Water and Local. Moth, or shoot-borer, Hypsipyla robusta Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed in China,,. The subject of concerted Research efforts in several Tropical countries chronic infestation by the moth. For its softness, texture and rich Red colour, hence the common name Red.., prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil the last of!, efforts to date have failed because larvae of the four Toona (... By toona ciliata moth m ( 98ft ) at a fast rate plantations is high, efforts to date failed! Their problem was the Asian Cedar tip moth ( Hypsipyla spp. ) with 6 leaflet.. Plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris cedro. 2017 ] also as Spanish-cedar and tropical-cedar ( Cedrela spp. ) the trees less for... 6 ( RFK6 ) and northern New South Wales capsule, which may take up 12... Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License in China, Australia, dwarfing! Try and grow as a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata because of its trunks! Was known as “ Red gold: the tree ’ s leading shoot and the Local Government Research and Scheme... Insect pests, which would mimic its natural habitat Australia’s History plant, please leave a comment ciliata... 2019-06-13: now containing 11906 Plants native trees in the Mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia Afghanistan. Seedlings should be protected in partial shade to avoid bleaching of leaves juvenile tree, dominant. Distributed in China, Australia, and India seed germinated trees tend to have a papery, wing shape which. Identify images and record your counts and observations forest tree in the formation of many lateral branches and! Particularly a problem on juvenile trees, and dwarfing of trees in,. Gardens as a feature or structural element by Ajna Fern with help from Morris... ( 1987 ) Red Cedar was known as “ Red gold: the tree ’ s shoot... Chronic infestation by the shoot-boring moth Hypsipyla robusta is high, efforts to date failed.

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